Laws (LAWS)

LAWS 100. Independent Research Project.1 Credit.

The independent research project permits a student to conduct a major research and writing project under the supervision of a full-time member of the law school faculty. The student should prepare a written assignment that is 20 or more pages in length, exclusive of footnotes, per credit assigned. A student who wishes to write an independent research paper must submit to the supervising faculty member a written proposal that demonstrates that he or she has a viable topic for research. The student must register for the course, with the approval of the faculty member, by the beginning of the student's next-to-last semester of law school.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 101. Civil Procedure I.2-3 Credits.

This year-long, first-year course includes an examination of the Adversary System and an introduction to claims and remedies; selection of the proper court; jurisdiction and venue; Res Judicata; collateral estoppel; joinder of claims and parties; pleading; disposition without full trial; discovery; jury and non-jury trials; post-trial motions; and review of the disposition. Both state and federal procedural systems are studied.

Offered: Every year, Fall

LAWS 102. Civil Procedure II.2-3 Credits.

This year-long, first-year course includes an examination of the Adversary System and an introduction to claims and remedies; selection of the proper court; jurisdiction and venue; Res Judicata; collateral estoppel; joinder of claims and parties; pleading disposition without full trial; discovery; jury and non- jury trials; post-trial motions; and review of the disposition. Both state and federal procedural systems are studied.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 103. Contracts I.2-3 Credits.

This year-long course provides an introduction to the law relating to agreements. It addresses such topics as formation of contracts, liability in the absence of an agreed exchange between parties, the meaning and the content of contracts, bases for avoiding enforcement of contracts, the performance of contracts, the consequences of non-performance of contracts, and the remedies available for breach of contract.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 104. Contracts II.3-4 Credits.

This year-long course provides an introduction to the law relating to agreements. It addresses such topics as formation of contracts, liability in the absence of an agreed exchange between parties, the meaning and the content of contracts, bases for avoiding enforcement of contracts, the performance of contracts, the consequences of non-performance of contracts, and the remedies available for breach of contract.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 105. Property.4 Credits.

This course provides an introduction to the law of property, primarily real property, with some coverage of personal property law. Topics covered include gifts, historical development and basic common law principles of property law, estates in land, easements, restrictive covenants, future interests in real property, contracts for the sale of land, conveyancing, mortgages, possessory rights, the real property recording system, and governmental land-use regulation.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 107. Torts.4 Credits.

This course provides an introduction to tort liability. The course includes a study of topics such as intentional torts, negligence, strict liability and no-fault theories, and concepts of damages.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 108. Torts II.3 Credits.

LAWS 110. Constitutional Law.4 Credits.

The course is a study of basic principles of constitutional law as interpreted by the U.S. Supreme Court. The primary focus is on judicial review, relationships in the federal system, powers of congress, powers of the president, residual powers of the state, and an introduction to civil rights and their protection.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 111. Legal Skills I.2 Credits.

This year-long course trains students in the fundamentals of legal research and analysis, and legal writing and argument. Students are taught how to locate cases and statutes and to apply legal principles in a factual setting. The program focuses on preparing students to think and communicate effectively in written and spoken communications in the legal context. Students prepare such documents as intra-office memoranda, client opinion letters, complaints and appellate briefs, and present oral arguments in a courtroom setting. Clear and effective writing and speaking are indispensable in the successful practice of law and are emphasized throughout the law school curriculum.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 112. Legal Skills II.2 Credits.

This year-long course trains students in the fundamentals of legal research and analysis, and legal writing and argument. Students are taught how to locate cases and statutes and to apply legal principles in a factual setting. The program focuses on preparing students to think and communicate effectively in written and spoken communications in the legal context. Students prepare such documents as intra-office memoranda, client opinion letters, complaints and appellate briefs, and present oral arguments in a courtroom setting. Clear and effective writing and speaking are indispensable in the successful practice of law and are emphasized throughout the curriculum.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 113. Criminal Law.3 Credits.

The purpose of this course is to give students a working knowledge of the substantive law of crimes. It covers general definitions, construction of criminal statutes, elements of crimes, causation, parties to crime, criminal responsibility and capacity, justification and excuse, and defenses. The course also covers the inchoate offenses of solicitation, attempt, and conspiracy, and offenses against persons and property.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 114. Administrative Law.3 Credits.

This course comprises a consideration of the origin and growth of administrative process. Among other topics, it deals with: the constitutional position of agencies; administrative discretion in formulating policy; the choice between regulation and adjudication; the binding effect of rules; declaratory orders; administrative jurisdiction and the right to invoke it; primary and discretionary jurisdiction; the investigative function; problems growing out of notice and right; time and extent of a hearing; the process of the institutional decision; the right to judicial review of agency decisions; and the scope of judicial review.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 115. The Bar Exam: Fundamentals & Strategies.1-2 Credits.

This course is intended to help prepare students to take the bar examination. The course utilizes materials from the Multistate Bar Exam (MBE), the Connecticut Bar Exam, a commercial bar-prep company, and professor-created materials. The curriculum includes multiple-choice questions, essay questions and performance test questions; students respond to questions in all formats, and the class reviews and explains answers. The course also includes discussion of study techniques and effective exam-taking strategies.

LAWS 116. Unfair and Deceptive Trade Practices.3 Credits.

The course involves an in-depth study of the principal state and federal statutes prohibiting unfair and deceptive conduct in business, including the Connecticut Unfair Trade Practices Act ("CUTPA") and similar statutes in other states, the Federal Trade Commission Act, and the federal Lanham Act. Because of the extensive private remedies provided by many state statutes, claims under those statutes, including those of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Illinois, New Jersey, California, Washington and Florida, have become staples of private business and consumer litigation. The goal of this course is to help students develop an understanding of the policies underlying those state and federal statutes and how they relate to each other and to prepare them to advise clients and litigate cases concerning them.

LAWS 117. Trademarks and Copyright in the Digital Age.2 Credits.

This course provides a practical understanding of trademarks and copyrights and their importance in the business world, from the vantage point of a practitioner in this field. The course includes creation of rights, statutory protection, and enforcement of rights, with emphasis on the ever-changing digital world and the overall evolution of copyright and trademark laws in the context of protecting clients' brands and works of authorship. Grading is based on a paper submitted at the end of the semester, together with class participation and some practical writing exercises throughout the semester.

LAWS 200. Field Placement II.1-10 Credits.

LAWS 205. Business Organizations.4 Credits.

This course examines the main forms of business organization, (corporation, partnership, limited partnership, & unincorporated association) and the concepts, risks and consequences of doing business through representatives. Consideration is given to the promotion, organization and management of the private business enterprise. The course examines the legal relationships existing between the corporation and its directors, officers, stockholders, and creditors; devices to reduce risks; formation, dissolution and termination of partnerships; partnership property and distribution of assets; and agency relationships, concepts, and responsibilities. Attention is given to selected provisions of the Federal Securities Laws and their judicial interpretation.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 250. Symposium: Originalism & Its Competitors.1 Credit.

This is a 1-credit, pass-fail course that meets for 50 minutes each week for 14 weeks. The course involves seven two-week units. For each unit, students read a scholarly article prepared by a member of the faculty. During the first week of that unit, students prepare a one-page response to the article and come to class prepared to discuss the article. In the second week, the author of the article makes a presentation of the work, followed by discussion. Each student also completes one 3-5 page "discussant's" paper during the semester.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 104 LAWS 102;

LAWS 251. Symposium.1 Credit.

This year's Symposium focuses on seven of the major cases to be decided by the U.S. Supreme Court this year. Two classes are devoted to each of the seven cases. At the first class for each case, the professors lecture about the case's factual/legal background and why it's of significance to warrant Supreme Court review.(On occasion we may invite guests who are involved as party or amicus counsel to the real case.) At the second class for each case, students present moot-court-style oral arguments (based on the briefs submitted by the real parties to the case). All students are required to attend every class, to read the briefs and related materials for each case, to prepare and present an oral argument (10-15 minutes) for one of the seven cases, and to act as justices with prepared questions for the oral arguments presented by other students for other cases. This course is suggested for students with an interest in how the Supreme Court works and in appellate practice in general.

LAWS 252. Symposium: Readings in Legal Thought.1 Credit.

Students in this symposium read a selection of important works in the development of American legal thought from the late 19th century to the present. Authors to be discussed include Oliver Wendell Holmes, Karl Llewellyn, Ronald Coase, Ronald Dworkin, Robert Cover and Catharine A. MacKinnon. Topics include Legal Process, Economic Analysis of Law, the Law and Society Movement, and Critical Legal Studies. Several short papers are required.

LAWS 253. Animal Law.2 Credits.

This course canvasses much of the existing legal regulation of animals, such as, at the federal level, the Endangered Species Act, EPA's CAFO regulations of feed lots, the Humane Slaughter Act, the Animal Welfare Act, regulation of food by the FDA and USDA, and regulatory conflicts with constitutional rights, such as First Amendment restrictions on the regulation of depictions of animal cruelty and on regulation of ritual or religious practices of animal slaughter. At the state level, the course discusses cruelty statutes, pet trusts, laws regulating veterinary medicine,hunting regulations, property rights in animals, tort damages for loss of animals, food libel laws, and local regulation of farm animals and food production. It also touches on the pervasive influence in this area of private regulation through industry or university-based standards as well as the influence of international markets and international standards. (2 or 3 credits)

LAWS 254. Symposium.1 Credit.

LAWS 255. Judicial Clerkship Seminar - W.3 Credits.

This course prepares students for judicial clerkships at either the state or the federal trial or appellate levels. It supplements the substantive courses that future clerks should take by providing intensive writing experience and by exposing students to a variety of issues important to law clerks. The writing component of the course requires each student to write a bench memorandum, a ruling on a procedural motion, a majority opinion and a dissenting opinion. Each of the writing exercises deals with a different area of substantive law, which may include federal habeas corpus actions, state constitutional law questions, or any of a wide variety of administrative agency matters. Students gain experience in research of the types of done by law clerks and will explore matters of court structure, court procedures, clerkships ethical issues and conflicts of interest. Faculty members with clerkship experience teach the course, with federal and state judges as guest lecturers. Limited enrollment. Full-time students must have completed three semesters, and part-time students must have completed five semesters. Enrollment preference is given to students whose academic performance indicates that they may be competitive in applying for federal and state appellate clerkships.

LAWS 256. Sympos: Police Accountability.2 Credits.

This discussion-based seminar evaluates the methods law uses to oversee police conduct, such as the exclusionary rule, warrant requirements, and civil liability. In addition to studying relevant legal doctrines, students read sociology, social psychology and political science literature about the relationship between policing and democracy. From this perspective, the course asks whether the legal methods for holding police accountable are sufficiently effective. Students also evaluate various proposals for enhancing police accountability. While this course touches on the rules of criminal procedure governing police investigations, the focus is different from a criminal procedure course: The emphasis is less on specifics of the rules governing police investigations and more on critically analyzing those rules. The course also addresses areas outside criminal procedure, such as civil liability, qualified immunity and executive branch oversight of police. Grades are based on in-class discussion, weekly reading responses, and two practice-oriented writing assignments.

LAWS 290. Connecticut Research-P.2 Credits.

In this course, students learn advanced research skills, focusing on state and federal sources of law that Connecticut attorneys should be familiar with.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 111 LAWS 112;

LAWS 291. Adv. Writing & Research S,W.2 Credits.

This course offers upper-level students intensive practice in writing and research. It builds on and reinforces skills introduced and developed in Legal Skills classes while focusing on writing and advanced research. Satisfactory completion of the major writing assignment of the class satisfies the substantial paper component of the advanced writing requirement.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 102; Take LAWS 104; Take LAWS 112;

LAWS 292. Independent Research Project W.2 Credits.

The independent research project permits a student to conduct a major research and writing project under the supervision of a full-time member of the law school faculty. Each student prepares a written assignment that is 20 or more pages in length, exclusive of footnotes, per credit assigned. A student who wishes to write an independent research paper must submit to the supervising faculty member a written proposal that demonstrates that he or she has a viable topic for research. The student must register for the course, with the approval of the faculty member, by the beginning of the student's next-to-last semester of law school. An independent research project may satisfy the substantial paper component of the advanced writing requirement if the project is for either 2 or 3 credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 293. Independent Research Project W.3 Credits.

The independent research project permits students to conduct a major research and writing project under the supervision of a full-time member of the law school faculty. Each student prepares a written assignment that is 20 or more pages in length, exclusive of footnotes, per credit assigned. A student who wishes to write an independent research paper must submit to the supervising faculty member a written proposal that demonstrates that he or she has a viable topic for research. The student must register for the course, with the approval of the faculty member, by the beginning of the student's next-to-last semester of law school. An independent research project may satisfy the substantial paper component of the advanced writing requirement if the project is for either 2 or 3 credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 294. Civil Justice Clinic P.2-6 Credits.

Students represent low-income clients in a variety of civil matters in superior and probate courts and before administrative bodies and school officials. Typically, students in the Civil Clinic can expect to represent clients in employment, housing, family, education and health matters, and also engage in legislative and administrative advocacy. Automatic short paper credit; one or two class meetings per week. Evening Civil Clinic: Students represent low-income clients in a variety of civil matters in superior and probate courts and before administrative bodies and school officials. Typically, students in the Evening Civil Clinic can expect to represent clients in employment, housing, family, education, and health matters, and also engage in legislative and administrative advocacy. Students are required to reserve at least one two-hour block of time per week for class and supervision sessions. Students also are required to reserve at least one four-hour block of time per semester for daytime client representation; adequate notice is provided to students. Automatic short paper credit.

LAWS 295. Tax Clinic-P.2-6 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;

LAWS 296. Judicial Externship P.2-5 Credits.

Students enrolled in this course are placed with state or federal judges and magistrates. Students may be asked to write and present seminar papers as well as to research and write for their judges. Each student enrolled is supervised by a faculty member. Grading on a pass-fail basis is the responsibility of the supervising faculty members after consultation with the judge and seminar leader.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 297. Law Review I.1-2 Credits.

The Quinnipiac Law Review Association is a student-operated association. It publishes the Quinnipiac Law Review (QLR), a law journal that includes articles and book reviews written by legal scholars, as well as case comments and notes written by student members. A board of student editors solicits, organizes, edits and publishes material for QLR. Membership is based on academic achievement and/or participation in an annual write-on competition. Successful completion of all requirements entitles a student to 4 academic credits and credit for the substantial paper component of the Advanced Writing Requirement.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 298. Health Law Clinic-P.2-6 Credits.

LAWS 299. Appellate Clinic I-Defense.1 Credit.

Students represent criminal defendants in appeals of their convictions under the supervision of a visiting professor from the Public Defender's Appellate Unit. Students write one or two briefs and usually argue an appeal before the Connecticut Appellate or Supreme Court. Pre- or co-requisites: Criminal Procedure and Evidence. 6-credit, year-long program beginning each fall: 4 credits in 1st semester; 2 credits in 2nd semester.

Corequisites: Take LAWS 311

LAWS 300. Appellate Clinic Ii-Defense-P.1 Credit.

Students represent criminal defendants in appeals of their convictions under the supervision of a visiting professor from the Public Defender's Appellate Unit. Students write one or two briefs and usually argue an appeal before the Connecticut Appellate or Supreme Court. Pre- or co-requisites: Criminal Procedure and Evidence. 6-credit, year-long program beginning each fall: 4 credits in 1st semester; 2 credits in 2nd semester.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 299;

LAWS 301. Clinic Seminar.2 Credits.

LAWS 302. Appellate Clinic I-Prosecutorial-P.3 Credits.

Students represent the state of Connecticut in appeals of criminal convictions under the supervision of a visiting professor from the Chief State's Attorney's Office Appellate Bureau. Students write one or two briefs and usually argue an appeal before the Connecticut Appellate or Supreme Court. Pre- or co-requisites: Criminal Procedure and Evidence (6-credit, year-long program beginning each fall: 3 credits in 1st semester; 3 credits in 2nd semester).

Corequisites: Take LAWS 311

LAWS 303. Appellate Clinic II-Prosecutorial-P.1 Credit.

Students represent the state of Connecticut in appeals of criminal convictions under the supervision of a visiting professor from the Chief State's Attorney's Office Appellate Bureau. Students write one or two briefs and usually argue an appeal before the Connecticut Appellate or Supreme Court. Pre- or co-requisites: Criminal Procedure and Evidence. 6-credit, year-long program beginning each fall: 3 credits in 1st semester; 3 credits in 2nd semester.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 302;

LAWS 305. Federal Income Tax.4 Credits.

This course deals with the Federal Income Tax System and its impact on individuals and business activity. Emphasis is placed on the following: an intense analysis of the key Internal Revenue Code provisions, treasury regulations, and judicial decisions; fundamental principles and common threads of federal tax policy, economics, and public finance; the relationship of federal income taxation to other areas of the law; and how federal tax laws are actually made (including a continual evaluation of tax preferences available to certain groups). Some specific areas of code included are: items included in gross income, permissible deductions, tax accounting problems, and capital gains and losses.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 306. Tax I.2 Credits.

(LLM) This is an advanced study of selected problems in federal income taxation, including choice and change of accounting methods, inclusion of laws, income items and deductability of expenses for cash and accrual method taxpayers, cancellation of indebtedness income and other bankruptcy tax issues, limitations of deductability of interest, tax aspects of divorce, taxation of annuities, time value of money concepts in the context of below market interest loans, and the Individual Alternative Minimum Tax.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 307. Trusts and Estates.3 Credits.

This course looks at the law of gratuitous transfers, including consideration of interstate succession, wills, gifts, trusts, and marital property. The choices adopted by Uniform Probate Code are compared with choices made by other statutes.

Prerequisites: TAKE LAWS 105
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 308. Estate and Financial Planning.2 Credits.

This course considers techniques of creating, transforming and disposing of wealth, with emphasis on the impact of federal estate, gift, and income tax laws.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305 LAWS 307 LAWS 309;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 309. Estate and Gift Taxation.2 Credits.

This course examines the Federal Unified Transfer taxes on gratuitous transfers during life and at death and the generation skipping transfer tax.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305 LAWS 307;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 310. Accounting Concepts for Lawyers.2 Credits.

The course is designed to impart an understanding of the basic principles of accounting with which lawyers should be familiar.

LAWS 311. Evidence.3-4 Credits.

This course considers the rules regulating the introduction and exclusion of evidence in civil and criminal trials. Specific subjects dealt with are: relevancy of evidence; the burden of producing evidence and the burden of persuasion; presumptions; competency of witnesses; examination of witnesses; privileges; the hearsay rule and its exceptions; demonstrative evidence; writings and judicial notice and functions of judge and jury.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 312. Partnership Tax.2-3 Credits.

A study of the tax problems associated with organizing and operating a partnership include those problems arising from the death or withdrawal of a partner, transfer of interests and dissolutions.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 313. Adv. Individual Income Tax.3 Credits.

This course covers topics that may be of interest to students who plan to practice in the areas of federal income taxation, employee law, or family law. Topics include advanced issues of tax accounting, issues concerning special forms of income, and issues resulting from financial transactions. (Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;

LAWS 314. Employee Benefits.2 Credits.

This course provides students with an overview of pension and welfare benefit plans covered under the federal income tax and ERISA (labor) laws. The course covers traditional employee benefits, such as medical, accident, disability, vacation, and unemployment benefits, and defined contribution retirement plans, such as flat benefit plans, ESOP's, profit-sharing plans, 401(k) plans, and IRAs, together with a brief introduction to executive compensation. (Prerequisite: Federal Income Tax)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;

LAWS 315. Trial Practice.2-3 Credits.

This course provides an opportunity for students to coordinate their knowledge of procedure and evidence with their knowledge of substantive law in a realistic and dramatic setting, with the aim of developing some facility in the techniques of trial practice. The course focuses on the trial and pre-trial process, including: interviewing of clients; investigation of facts; preparation of witnesses; examination and cross-examination of witnesses; choosing a jury; use of experts; discovery and other pre-trial preparations; motion practice; and trial tactics. Students draft motions and memoranda and appear in simulated proceedings. Audio-visual equipment may be used.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 316. Advanced Trial Practice.2 Credits.

This course teaches more advanced practice techniques than the basic Trial Practice course, including the skills of taking depositions, jury selection, direct and cross examination, opening and closing arguments, and evidence. (Prerequisites: Trial Practice and Evidence or Civil Clinic, or Criminal Justice Clinic)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 317. Adv. Mock Trial.2 Credits.

LAWS 318. Mock Trial.1-2 Credits.

LAWS 319. Housing.3 Credits.

This course is devoted to a study of the landlord/tenant relationship, public housing, and other problems incident to a growing demand for rental housing.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 320. Public Health Law.3 Credits.

Students examine the legal, ethical and public health challenges posed by contemporary issues such as drug-resistant infectious disease, renewed resistance to childhood vaccination, firearms regulation, controversial testing and screening programs, programs targeting tobacco use and obesity, and potential threats of bioterrorism. Each of these challenges raises the core issue of the extent to which governments may restrain individual citizens and individual choice for the promotion of collective health and safety. When and to what extent must the constitutionally protected rights of individuals yield to the state's inherent obligation to exercise its police power for the protection of the broader community? How does the law function as an instrument of social and public health policy? The historical legal constructs on which public health law is grounded are fundamental to understanding the constraints within which public health authorities must function. Students examine the way in which established public health law principles, legislation, regulation and ethics intersect as public health programs and community health care interventions are designed and delivered.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 321. Lawyers' Professional Responsibility.2-3 Credits.

This course examines the ethical obligations of all attorneys in the practice of law. Our focus is on the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct and understanding the basic requirements and conundrums that confront attorneys throughout the client representation, counseling and advocacy process. Among other topics, students explore the duties of competence, communication, confidentiality, candor to the court, and the identification and treatment of conflicts of interest. How should an attorney choose between the interests of a client, one's self, and the public in general? Active class discussion based on factual examples.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 322. Therapeutic Jurisprudence.2 Credits.

This course focuses attention on the consequences of law for the psychological functioning and emotional well-being of clients and other persons affected by the legal system. Acknowledging the law as a force that can have both therapeutic and antitherapeutic consequences, this interdisciplinary perspective urges the legal community to attend to the mental health effects of what we do.

Corequisites: Take LAWS 599 and LAWS 321

LAWS 323. Commercial Law.4 Credits.

This course is an introduction to the Articles on Sales, Commercial Paper, and Bank Deposits and Collection of the Uniform Commercial Code.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 324. Dignitary Torts.2-3 Credits.

The course explores various dignitary torts, including defamation, invasion of privacy, tortious litigation, and interference with family relations. Prerequisitie: Torts.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 107;

LAWS 325. Securities Regulation.3 Credits.

This course involves a study of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Particular emphasis is placed on the registration, distribution, and sale of securities; distribution of corporate information; and liability under the 1933 Act and the 1934 Act.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 326. Ethics and Corporate Compliance.2 Credits.

This course examines: 1) the historical development of ethics and compliance programs in organizations; 2) the organization and function of a compliance program and its role in operations, including the types of compliance structures and processes used to comply with different regulatory and legal requirements; 3) the roles that organizational leaders (CEOs, boards of directors and committees), managers, lawyers and compliance officers play in establishing and maintaining an organization's ethics and compliance program; 4) different examples of substantive legal and regulatory requirements and how organizations and their compliance programs respond to those legal requirements, and 5) the importance of an effective compliance program in reducing an organization's exposure to legal and regulatory damages and penalties, criminal sanctions, other administrative remedies, and reputational loss as well as the important role that compliance professionals play in interacting with law enforcement, regulators, management and employees.

LAWS 327. Labor Law.3 Credits.

The course covers relations in the private sector between employers and employees regulated by the National Labor Relations Act and associated legislation. The organization of employees, the selection of bargaining representatives and employer responses to these and related activities are considered. Where time permits, the course also considers the legal framework in which collective bargaining occurs. (Strongly recommended: Administrative Law)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 328. Collective Bargaining.3 Credits.

The problem method is used to provide a basic understanding of major legal principles underlying collective bargaining and contract administration. The class considers, in a representative collective bargaining context, legal procedures and practical methods to achieve labor management objectives and to resolve labor-management disputes in private and public employment.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 327;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 329. Communications Laws.3 Credits.

This course involves a study of selected issues related to the role of the press in a free society. It may include a brief survey of First Amendment theory as it relates to the press and communications media; defamation; privacy; free press and fair trial; reporter privilege; access to and use of governmental information; right of access to the press; and regulation of radio and television broadcasting, encompassing such questions as regulation of debate, the fairness doctrine, and various forms of antitrust regulation in the communications industry. Future regulatory and First Amendment issues spawned by fast-developing communications technology are considered.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 330. Adv. Intellectual Property.2 Credits.

The course covers various topics in intellectual property that cannot be covered in the introductory course. This includes topics such as extended study of fair use in copyright and trademark, identity on the internet, idea submission, right of publicity, relationship of intellectual property and competition policy, and related federal preemption of state law.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 331;

LAWS 331. Intellectual Property.3-4 Credits.

This course is concerned with law relating to expression, creativity, invention, and identity. The course covers topics such as copyright, trademark, and trade secret law and materials dealing with the social and economic context of this law.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 332. Patent Law.2 Credits.

The course covers the fundamentals of patent law and the relationship of patent law to other means of protecting ideas.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 333. Advanced Patents.2-3 Credits.

A continuation of the study of the fundamentals of patent law.

LAWS 334. Advanced Contracts.3 Credits.

This course deals with selected problems in contract law of current or continuing interest.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 335. Patents Litigation.2 Credits.

This course involves the study of litigation in U.S. state and federal courts in cases involving patent law.

LAWS 336. Intellectual Property Licensing.2 Credits.

This course covers intellectual property assignments and licenses, including express and implied licenses, negotiation, valuation, standard contract terms, antitrust concerns, enforcement, and contract issues of particular importance in licensing.

LAWS 337. Jurisprudence.3 Credits.

A survey of the problems and perspectives of legal philosophy and an analysis of selected issues.

LAWS 338. Visual Persuasion in the Law.3 Credits.

Students learn to make legal arguments using images as well as words. Students read and discuss interdisciplinary materials including rhetoric, visual perception, social psychology, narrative theory, art history, media studies, and advertising; perform hands-on visual exercises to gain practice in making and responding to images; and listen to guest lectures and see examples of work done by legal visual displays for use as demonstrative evidence and in closing argument in highly realistic hypothetical cases. No prior visual arts experience is required or expected.

LAWS 339. Conflict of Laws.3 Credits.

This is a study of problems arising from the coexistence of states within the American Federal Union and of nations within the world order. In particular, the course considers the issues of the choice of the law governing transactions related to more than one jurisdiction, constitutional limitations on the jurisdiction of courts, and recognition of sister-state and foreign judgments.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 340. Corp Compliance in Healthcare Industry.3 Credits.

This course addresses both the managerial and legal aspects of health care corporate compliance. Essential elements of a compliance program are presented. Special focus is placed on various pieces of federal legislation and enforcement initiatives conducted by the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office of Inspector General in the Department of Health and Human Services.

LAWS 341. Insurance.2 Credits.

This course is a study of the legal principles applicable to the control of insurance and to the state regulation of insurance. These principles are examined in the light of their institutional setting. Legal and non-legal material is utilized in this course. Topics studied are: formation of a contract; insurable interest; premiums; construction of life, property, accident liability and group contracts; concealments; warranties; conditions; exceptions; waiver; and estoppel.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 343. Land Use Planning.3 Credits.

This course involves a critical examination of governmental and private attempts to control land use. Investigation are made of common law principles and of constitutional restrictions upon 1) private controls such as the Law of Nuisance and Restrictive Covenants; and 2) statutory regulation such as zoning, subdivision controls, growth controls, and land trusts.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 344. Law, Science and Technology.3 Credits.

This course explores several areas in which scientific and technological advances have had an impact on the legal system, either by calling for changes in the system itself, of by provoking attempts to impose legal controls on the conduct of scientific research or the uses of scientific knowledge. The different approaches of law and science to problems of causation and proof are discussed. Specific topics that may be discussed as illustrative of the problems arising at the interface of law and science include (time permitting): behavioral research and the application of social science data to the legal system, the use of scientific and statistical evidence in court, problems created by the computer, legal regulation of scientific research that poses apparent ethical or health problems, and legal control of technology that poses real or apparent hazards to public health (e.g., nuclear reactors).

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 345. Health Law.2 Credits.

This introductory course is recommended for students who are interested in the major state and federal legal and policy issues governing health care, particularly the Affordable Care Act. The course focuses on how the law impacts health care access, quality and costs together with topics such as the patient-provider relationship, and private and public insurance regulation. Students study how to counsel health care clients on dealing with the impact of legislation, regulation, administrative agencies, and case law. This course is cross listed for the Health Care Compliance Certificate (offered in conjunction with the School of Business) and the Scholarly Reflection and Concentration/Capstone Course at the Frank H. Netter MD School of Medicine. (2 or 3 credits)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 346. Food and Drug Law.3 Credits.

This course explores both the historical background and current state of U.S. Food and Drug law, including the foundation and evolution of the Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") the pre-market approval processes for branded and generic drugs, biologics, and medical devices, as well as regulation of post-marketing promotion, manufacturing, distribution, and safety surveillance of prescription-only products; regulation of cosmetics, food, dietary supplements, and food additives; FDA inspection and enforcement procedures; federal preemption and tort liability.

LAWS 347. Remedies.3-4 Credits.

This course commences with an examination of remedial goals in torts, contracts, and unjust enrichment cases, with an emphasis on aspects of the modern law of damages. This analysis is continued in specific contexts throughout the course. There is some coverage of equity and on particular aspects of equitable remedies. The course considers remedies for injuries to real and personal property, tangible and intangible interests, persons and status. There also is a consideration of remedies for nominally unenforceable transactions. (3 credits)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 348. Advanced Law & Medicine.2 Credits.

This course provides for in-depth study of issues related to reproductive issues. Both classic and new cases are discussed, as well as some pending cases and legislation. Possible topics to be discussed include: the right to marry; contraception; abortion; forced sterilization and sterilization in lieu of incarceration; surrogate motherhood; frozen embryos; cloning; homosexuality; etc. Other topics related to reproduction and of interest to the students may also be considered.

LAWS 349. Antitrust.3 Credits.

This course examines the application of the Sherman Act, Clayton Act, Federal Trade Commission Act, and Robinson-Patman Act as controls on economic activity. The course examines the legal responses to problems of monopolization; collaboration among competitors; vertical controls on dealing; horizontal, vertical, and conglomerate mergers; and price discrimination.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 350. Health Care Antitrust.3-4 Credits.

This course deals with the application of antitrust laws in the health care setting. It examines antitrust economics, the basic antitrust offenses and defenses, and applies these to the health care market, including branded and generic prescription drugs. Students discuss antitrust restrictions on hospital mergers, on the formation of physician groups, joint ventures, drug marketing, professional organizations' activities, and managed care. It is not necessary to have taken basic antitrust in advance of taking this course. The beginning of the course includes a review of the major U.S. antitrust statutes and concepts; after that the emphasis shifts to new health care cases, and health care-specific issues affecting the health care industry, particularly its regulation by the U.S. Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission, as well as joint U.S. and EU enforcement activities.

LAWS 351. Regulated Industries.2 Credits.

This course explores legal and economic aspects of regulation of business. It covers various problems that are common to regulations such as price control, control of entry, control of supply, control of quality, of service, safety regulation, and the interplay of competition and regulation. Several different industries are discussed.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 114;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 352. Health Care Business Transactions.3 Credits.

This course gives students the opportunity to study health law as it relates to transactions in the health care industry. The course is structured around a set of standard health care business transactions. For instance: 1) A health system desires to provide professional medical services; students evaluate options for corporate organization, physician compensation, and related employment or service contracts; 2) A tax-exempt health system desires to create a joint venture with physicians to provide ambulatory surgery services; students evaluate corporate organization, tax-exemption and fraud and abuse issues, and review key terms of an Operating Agreement; 3) A health system is considering corporate governance issues; students evaluate different options and good governance practices and review key terms in relevant corporate documents; 4) A health system is considering contracting for medical equipment; students evaluate fraud and abuse issues and various key contract issues and provisions. (The professor may elect to use other types of transactions as new developments arise in the health care field.)

LAWS 353. Local Government Law.3 Credits.

This course examines the nature, powers, organization of, and liabilities of municipal corporations and other units of state and local governments. Consideration is given to federal, state, local, and interlocal relations; the role of local police powers; constitutional restrictions upon the local governments; land use planning and control; and the financing of local government improvements.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 354. Jurisprudence: Feminist Legal Theory.3 Credits.

LAWS 355. Corporate Finance.3 Credits.

This is a study of the elements legally required for securities valuation in reorganization, recapitalizations, and dissenters' appraisals; rights and priorities accorded different types of securities; and obligations of corporations toward shareholders, together with dividend requirements and policies. Legal accounting and tax aspects of mergers, acquisitions, and tender offers are considered, including an overview of related disclosure and behavioral requirements under securities laws.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 205
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 356. Arbitration.2-3 Credits.

This course surveys the expanding field of arbitration, which is now a primary institution in American and international commerce for resolution of civil disputes. Students review laws and concepts central to arbitration, formation and enforcement of arbitration agreements, the process itself, and judicial enforcement of awards. They also survey the uses of arbitration in a variety of fields such as employment, commercial, labor, and health care law.

LAWS 357. Federal Courts.3 Credits.

This course considers jurisdictions of the federal courts and jurisdictions of the federal courts and conflicts between the federal and state judicial systems. Topics may include the nature of the judicial power; federal question, diversity, and removal jurisdiction; amount in controversy; application of federal or state law; abstention; injunctions of state proceedings; jurisdiction of the Supreme Court; jurisdiction of cases involving joinder of parties and claims and related devices, and procedural questions. Problems may be assigned and discussed.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 358. Law of the Sea.3 Credits.

LAWS 359. Admiralty.3 Credits.

This course involves a study of the jurisdiction of admiralty courts and the laws affecting maritime rights and obligations. Areas included are the history of maritime law, choice of law in admiralty cases, maritime property interests, rights of seamen, carriage of goods, salvage, and collision.

LAWS 360. International Criminal Law.3 Credits.

This course focuses on the jurisdiction, investigation and adjudication of international crimes within two procedural settings: 1) international organizations, and 2) national courts.

Prerequisites: laws 113

LAWS 361. International Law.3 Credits.

This broad survey course examines public international law and the principles that determine to what extent this law is incorporated within the U.S. domestic legal system. Students study a wide range of treaties and customary international law, as well as several of the major international institutions such as the United Nations that play a role in the international legal framework. They also consider to what extent international law operates as a rule of decision for our courts and as authority for or constraint on actions of the President, Congress, and U.S. states.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 362. National Security Law.2-3 Credits.

This course surveys United States law as it relates to national security. Topics include some or all of the following: separation of powers in national security matters, presidential war powers, congressional and presidential emergency powers, the role of the judiciary, the domestic effect of international law, the use of military force abroad, intelligence operations, investigating terrorism and other national security threats, prosecuting terrorists, the Freedom of Information and Privacy Acts, access to national security information, and restraints on leaking and publishing national security information. Prerequisite: Constitutional Law

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 363. International Comparative Health Law.2 Credits.

This course surveys and compares the world's major health laws. It begins with a comp analysis of health care systems, including an inquiry in comparative costs, the comparative populations served by various systems and a comparison of the health outcomes produced systems. The course then turns to comparative analysis of relevant legal concepts, including addressing liability of health care providers, reimbursement of health care providers, health bioethics, including right to refuse treatment and the right to die, and international conventions of right to health care.

LAWS 364. Federal Regulation of Health Care Fraud.2 Credits.

LAWS 365. Comp. National Security Law.2 Credits.

LAWS 366. Energy Law.3 Credits.

This course examines common law cases dealing with land, water, oil, and gas, mining and alternative energy sources. The course considers the place and effect of federal and state regulation, and problems arising from this regard to allocation and conservation. Conflict resolution in this area is discussed, with emphasis on the influence of litigation and litigation strategy.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 367. Counterterrorism Law.2 Credits.

This course is a survey of legal, constitutional and international issues relating to homeland security and the struggle against international and domestic terrorism. Topics may include intelligence gathering at home and abroad, criminal investigations of terrorist activity, detention and interrogation of terrorist suspects, civil detention, military commissions, planning responses to terrorist attacks (and natural disasters), the domestic role of military forces, and the protection of sensitive government information. This course is designed to complement the 2-credit course in National Security Law, which deals primarily with separation of powers and checks and balances in the federal government, in the context of national security, foreign affairs, and the war powers. Without the permission of the instructor, this course is not open to those who have taken a 3 or 4-credit course in National Security Law.

LAWS 368. Medicare Law & Policy.2 Credits.

This course focuses on the rights and responsibilities of the beneficiary. It does not cover provider and plan rights and obligations, except as necessary to understand the rights and responsibilities of the Medicare beneficiary. This course provides an overview of eligibility, and scope of benefits for Medicare Part A (hospital), Medicare Part B (out-patient), Medicare Part C (Medicare Advantage, private plans), and Medicare Part D (prescription drug coverage), overview of supplemental coverage (Medi-gap policies) and low-income programs for people with Medicare, such as Medicare Savings Programs and the Part D Low-Income Subsidy, and beneficiary appeals for all Medicare programs.

LAWS 369. Real Estate Transactions.3 Credits.

This course provides an introduction to the law of real estate transactions, with an emphasis on mortgage financing.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 105;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 370. Family Law.2-3 Credits.

This course involves a study of the family as a legal institution. Particular attention is given to rights and obligations during marriage and upon dissolution of the marriage. Federal Income Tax is a pre or co-requisite.

Corequisites: Take LAWS 305
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 371. Divorce and the Divorcing Family.2 Credits.

This course examines divorce, custody and visitation, analyzing the emotional impact of these legal processes on children and parents in divorcing and post-divorce families. Students critique the current family law system with the aid of recent legal and social science research materials. The course requirew students to analyze the role that lawyers play in exacerbating and ameliorating the effects of the divorce process on adult and child parties. Students examine ethical and practical constraints of integrating an interdisciplinary perspective to a family law practice and explore the benefits and limitations of divorce-related communication between family lawyers and mental health clinicians. (Prerequisite: Family Law)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 370;

LAWS 372. Representation in Mediation.2 Credits.

The principal focus of this course is to explore mediation advocacy issues for the practitioner representing a client in a mediation. Mediation concepts and implications for developing skills for client representation are examined. Mediation-oriented styles, skills and techniques are contrasted with the techniques required in litigation and arbitration. The exclusive emphasis is on the practitioner's role as an advocate rather than as a neutral/mediator. (1 credit)

Corequisites: Take LAWS 428

LAWS 373. Products Liability.3 Credits.

This course examines the emerging field of products liability law with emphasis on negligence, warranty, fraud, and strict liability in tort. Consideration is given to problems of proof and evidence, especially in the areas of drugs, automobiles and industrial machinery.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 374. Introduction to Mediation.2 Credits.

This course introduces students to basic mediation skills, practice and theory, including the benefits and limitations of mediation as a dispute resolution method. Class time is divided nearly equally between developing mediation skills as an impartial third party and discussing conceptual issues and challenges facing third-party neutrals.

LAWS 375. Legislation.2 Credits.

This course considers the legislature in perspective, examining it in its working relationships with other institutions of the American Legal System. The course is designed to develop an understanding of the potentialities and limitations of the legislative process. Students select an enumerated problem and propose a legislative solution.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 376. Advanced Land Use Writing Seminar.2 Credits.

The objective of the course is to research and write a publishable article of about 6,000 words on a narrowly focused issue of land use law. Students also have an opportunity to present in class several times, receive reviews of their work by classmates, and critique the work of others.

LAWS 377. Energy Regulation and Public Policy.2 Credits.

Energy regulation touches core environmental, economic and social issues. The interplay of traditional utility regulation and recent restructuring initiatives that rely on markets to deliver reliable and reasonably priced power creates many political, economic and regulatory tensions. Focusing on the regulation and design of U.S. electric power systems (i.e., the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity) and related markets, with some limited exposure to natural gas developments and their impacts on electric markets, this course provides an introduction to the explicit and implicit policy tradeoffs inherent in the current and evolving system of energy regulation at the state, regional and federal levels. Topics covered include the classic cost of service regulation, competitive generation, wholesale market structures, regional transmission organizations, microgrids, "behind the meter" generation, net metering, submetering, renewable portfolio standards, the emerging role of demand response and efficiency as supply resources, retail competition and retail rate design. Guest speakers from industry and government provide diverse perspectives based on their experience in the regulatory and policy arena. The course introduces students to the roles, jurisdiction and tension of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the Connecticut Public Utilities Regulatory Authority.

LAWS 378. Climate Change.2 Credits.

This course explores legal and policy developments pertaining to climate change and the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions. Approaches considered range in jurisdictional scale (state and local, regional, national, international), temporal scope (incremental measures, near-term targets, multi-decade emissions goals), policy orientation (voluntary initiatives, disclosures rules, subsidization, tort litigation, command-and-control regulation, cap-and-trade schemes, emissions taxes), regulatory target (industry and manufacturing, commercial and retail firms, financial and insurance companies, consumers and workers), and regulatory objective (stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations, reduction of emissions levels or intensity, energy security, optimal balancing of costs and benefits, adaption to unavoidable impacts). Although course readings and discussion focus on existing and actual proposed legal responses to climate change, the overarching aim of the course is to anticipate how climate change affects our laws and our lives in the long run. Students are required to complete a research paper on a related topic of their choosing, which may satisfy the substantial paper component of the Advanced Writing Requirement.

LAWS 379. Environmental Law.3 Credits.

This course examines the legislative, administrative and judicial responses to environmental problems. Students primarily focus on the major federal environmental statutes, including the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, and protections for endangered species and wilderness. Students also evaluate common law remedies, state environmental protections, and major international environmental issues, including climate change.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 380. Secured Transactions.2-3 Credits.

Security interests in personal property under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code are considered. (Depending on the professor, Commercial Law may be a pre- or corequisite.)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 381. Law and Economics.2 Credits.

This course explores the use of economic analysis in the study of specific legal problems, of the existing legal system, and of proposed modifications to existing legal structures. It begins by examining the nature of economic reasoning and limitation of applying economic theory, the course explores the economic foundations of property law, including entitlement theory, pollution problems, monopoly problems, government allocation of resources, and public property rights. It then examines the economic theory as applied to criminal sanctions and criminal law, tort negligence theory, strict liability, economic foundations of contract law, and contract impossibility. The direction of the course from that point is partially determined by the interest of the class but may include problems of population control, allocation of scarce medical resources, justification of inheritance, economic analysis of rent control and housing code enforcement, consumer problems, and military service. In general, the course avoids delving into areas that are covered in depth in other courses such as tax policy, antitrust law, and regulated industries.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 382. Law of European Union.3 Credits.

LAWS 383. Sec. Trans/Creditors' Rights.4 Credits.

LAWS 384. Juvenile Law.3 Credits.

The course examines the legal rights and responsibilites of minors. Topics to be studied include delinquency, abuse and neglect, representation of children in custody disputes, and educational rights of handicapped children. The course devotes attention to the role of the attorney, juvenile court and social and diagnostic services available to children and youths.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 385. Adv. Juvenile Law - Child Protection Practices.2 Credits.

LAWS 386. Domestic Violence: Law, Practice and Pol.2 Credits.

This course examines domestic violence from a legal perspective. It includes a historical analysis of intimate partner violence and the various legal and societal changes that have evolved to form the current legal responses. Students explore a wide range of topics, including police and prosecutorial responses, expert witness testimony, battered women as criminal defendants, cultural differences, domestic violence in divorce and child custody disputes, legal remedies for battered immigrants, and domestic violence as a human rights and public health concern. The course is interactive and affords students the opportunity to utilize written and oral advocacy skills in applying the rules of evidence and ethics to civil and criminal issues around domestic violence.

LAWS 387. Adv. Juvenile Law: Delinquency Proceedings.2 Credits.

This course covers selected topics in juvenile law of current or continuing interest. Issues may include child custody, adoption, technological advances in childbearing, and the costs and benefits of indeterminacy in standards for child custody. There is no prerequisite but students should have taken either Juvenile Law or Family Law.

LAWS 388. Elder Law.2-3 Credits.

This course integrates such topics as estate planning, retirement planning, planning for Medicare, Medicaid, and other governmental entitlements, contracts for long-term nursing care, etc.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 390. Consumer Law.3 Credits.

This course addresses problems of formation of consumer transactions, the substance of consumer transactions, and the remedies available to the parties. The focus is on whether any intervention to protect the consumers is warranted, what forms intervention might take, and evaluating the cost and benefit of intervention. (Prerequisite: Commercial Law)

LAWS 391. Civil and Political Rights Equal Protection.2 Credits.

This course is a study of the law of individual liberties and civil rights, with emphasis upon the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause and civil rights legislation.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 392. Laws & Psychology.3 Credits.

The course explores selected areas of interaction between the legal system and the psychology of human behavior. It attempts to answer the questions: "What does the science of psychology teach us concerning the goals that a legal system should strive to attain?" and "What limits does the legal system impose on what is permissible in the name of social science research?" Specific areas of study may include: the jury system, the control of human behavior and the criminal law system, uses and abuses of psychological testing, the impact of laws on human behavior and the impact of public opinion on the law.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 393. Business Planning.4 Credits.

This course represents an opportunity for students to integrate their work in previous substantive courses by examining a series of common business transactions. Students work in groups to consider and make recommendations to their "clients" on the choice of entity, capitalization, control, valuation, compensation, and management. They consider the opportunities for expansion if the business is successful, including "going public," merger or acquisition, or sale of the business. They also consider the consequences of failure: liquidation or dissolution of the business. Prerequisites: Federal Income Taxation.

Corequisites: LAWS 305
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 394. Advanced Business Planning.2 Credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 395. Corporate Tax.2 Credits.

This is a study of the basic concepts of the federal income taxation of corporations and shareholders with emphasis on the tax consequences of characterization, incorporation, dividends, redemptions, and liquidations. Included is an examination of the corporation as taxpayer, focusing on the corporation's liability under the regular and corporate alternative minimum tax.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 396. Bankruptcy and Creditors' Rights.3 Credits.

As events of the Great Recession have demonstrated, insolvency and the potential for insolvency affect many transactions and complicate efforts to enforce judgments and to resolve disputes. Practitioners in many fields including lending, commercial transactions, general litigation and family law will confront a bankruptcy issue at some point in their careers. This class begins with an overview of the various state law creditor remedies and debtor protections. The course focuses primarily on relief available for consumer and business debtors and the treatment of claims of secured and unsecured creditors under the Bankruptcy Code. Students explore issues in Chapter 7 (liquidation), Chapter 13 (individual reorganization) and Chapter 11 (business reorganization) bankruptcies. They survey out-of-court procedures such as workouts, sales under the UCC, compositions, receiverships and assignments for the benefit of creditors. Class discussion focuses more on problems than cases. The class applies legal principles in discussing solutions to practical problems. To the extent feasible, the class invites guests who practice in the field, examines pleadings in actual cases and provides practice pointers to assist students in the transition to becoming a lawyer.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 397. Bankruptcy.3 Credits.

The course focuses on considerations of state law including prejudgment remedies, with recent constitutional limitations; judgments and post- judgment remedies; systems for administering claims outside of bankruptcy, including assignment for the benefit of creditors, composition and trust mortgage; application of the Federal Bankruptcy Act; rights of bankrupt and creditors; advantages in utilizing rehabilitative sections of the Bankruptcy Act; and the effect of bankruptcy on secured transactions created under the Uniform Commercial Code.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 398. Bankruptcy Tax.2-3 Credits.

This course covers provisions of the Bankruptcy Code applicable to federal tax claims, including rules for distributions, priority, and non-dischargeability. Topics include taxation of individual bankruptcy estates, corporate reorganizations, net operating losses, and relief of Indebtedness Income Rules.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 399. Advanced Bankruptcy.3 Credits.

This course examines selected topics in bankruptcy law. (Prerequisite: Bankruptcy) (2 or 3 credits)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 397;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 400. American Legal History.3 Credits.

This seminar examines the historical interaction between the American social and legal systems in the treatment of race relations. The seminar reviews the major Supreme Court cases applying and interpreting the constitutional rights created under the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments, with an emphasis on the historical and social contexts in which the decisions were rendered. The course involves an intensive analysis of the early precedents establishing the foundation for the more recent decisions and of the legal questions and social implications raised by these cases. The interface between the American legal system and American race relations has historically been an evolving and controversial process which will be illustrated through the issues raised by the cases studied. The seminar is designed to engage the students not only about the history of this area of the law, but also about how this history influences current legal issues in American race relations and the students' own perceptions about racial issues generally.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 401. Law, Language & Ethics.3 Credits.

This course involves a study of the decision dilemmas faced by lawyers, and the search for and soundness of the authority used to attempt solutions to the dilemmas. The dilemmas are caused by the circumstances of choice in relation to role, rule, and reason. Authority is sought in perception concepts, facts, issues, and language. The course cuts through the compartments of other law courses and uses other disciplines to illuminate the study and understanding of law and lawyering.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 402. Advanced Environmental Law S.2 Credits.

This course will cover advanced topics in federal and Connecticut environmental law, including detailed case studies. (Prerequisites: Administrative Law and Environmental Law.) (2 or 3 credits)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 379;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 403. English Legal History.3 Credits.

This course, which focuses on government and law in the broader context of English history, begins with Anglo-Saxons and concludes with the Americanization of Common Law Courts, the Courts of Chancery and Equity, the legal profession, Magna Carta, origins of Parliament, real and personal property, torts, contracts, criminal law, and family law. Historiography and case analysis also constitute important aspects of this course.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 404. Criminal Justice Externship.2-5 Credits.

Students work in federal and state prosecution and public defender offices in Connecticut and, in some instances, in neighboring states. Pre- or co-requisites: Criminal Procedure and Evidence

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 405. Soviet Law.3 Credits.

This course will examine law and legal institutions since the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 and the establishment of the U.S.S.R. in 1922. Special attention will be given to the legislation since Stalin, the Constitution of 1977, and a prospective of the Gorbachev Reforms.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 406. Comparative Const. Law.2 Credits.

This course deals with selected problems in comparative law of current or continuing interest. The instructor may from time to time, impose prerequisites, depending upon the topic.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 407. Legal Drafting & Writing.2-3 Credits.

This is a practical course, designed to teach students the fundamental skills of advocating a client's position in an appellate court, on appeal after an interlocutory order or trial court judgment. The course is designed to develop various lawyering skills including oral advocacy, legal writing and drafting, and legal research. Taught by a veteran appellate litigator, the course will also explore real life ethical and professional issues that arise in appellate litigation, as well as strategies on appeal. Completion of the course automatically satisfies the substantial paper requirement. (2 credits)

LAWS 408. Bankruptcy Lab.1 Credit.

This course is designed to assist students in making the transition from law school to practice in a business setting. Using their knowledge of bankruptcy law, students will write memos; participate in mock client-counseling, negotiation and advocacy exercises; and comment on each other's work. In addition to bankruptcy law, course material and presentations will emphasize business concepts, including financial literacy and rehabilitation of small to mid-sized troubled businesses. Although the course focuses specifically on insolvency, the practice skills emphasized, such as understanding the business contexts in which legal problems can arise, are also required for success in other business settings. Prerequisite: Concurrent or prior enrollment in Bankruptcy 396 01.

Corequisites: Take LAWS 396

LAWS 409. Drug and Device Law.2-3 Credits.

This course explores both the historical background and current state of the regulation of prescription brand-name and generic drugs, over-the-counter drugs, medical devices, biological products, and cosmetics, including the process for premarket approval of these products. The relevant provisions of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act will be covered, as well as the Food and Drug Administration's authority to enforce the statute through administrative regulations and court enforcement. The relationships between FDA, Congress, and industry will be explored and analyzed. Students will consider the development and marketing of "biosimilar" products pursuant to the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009. Other topics will include the regulation of advertising and promotional activities including off-label promotion, federal preemption in cases involving injury to patients from branded or generic drugs, FDA's inspection and enforcement procedures, and criminal liability for individuals and corporations. (May be offered for 2 or 3 credits dependent on instructor)

LAWS 410. Theories of Punishment S,W.2 Credits.

LAWS 411. Am.Leg.Hist-History of Race Relations.2 Credits.

This seminar will examine the historical interaction between the American social and legal systems in the treatment of race relations. The seminar will analyze major Supreme court cases applying and interpreting the constitutional rights created under the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments, with an emphasis on the historical and social contexts in which the decisions were rendered.

LAWS 412. Habeas Corpus.2 Credits.

This course will examine the legal and pragmatic place of habeas corpus and other post-conviction remedies in our criminal justice system, including cases of wrongful conviction and innocence. Topics will include the function of habeas in relationship to the other stages of a criminal case, with emphasis on actual innocence and the death penalty, and the role of DNA and other forensic science tools. This course will also explore the duties of the prosecution, involuntary confessions, racial discrimination and ineffective assistance of counsel. Students will receive an introduction to the contrasting procedural rules governing habeas corpus in state and federal court, and a comparison of habeas corpus versus other remedies (including non-adversarial remedies) for addressing wrongful convictions and claims of innocence. Prerequisite: Criminal Procedure Adjudicative or Investigative (2 or 3 credits)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 431 or LAWS 432

LAWS 413. Community Needs Assesment Lab.1-3 Credits.

Increasingly, law school students and graduates are expected to create their own practices or generate a new book of business, rather than being able to rely upon a book of existing business being handed down from senior and retiring attorneys. In order to build a new practice, attorneys must identify existing unmet legal needs in the community and then both leverage existing resources and develop new capacities to meet these needs. This course is designed to provide law students an opportunity to explore and apply community needs assessment tools developed by public health professionals to better define unmet needs in a community, understand barriers to meeting those needs, assess existing internal and external resources, and build effective practices or programs. Anticipated to take place in the spring semester, this course is specifically framed to allow the week of spring break to be spent collecting data in communities where travel is necessary. Prerequisites (needs at least 1): Current or prior enrollment in Public Health Law, Poverty Law, Environmental Law, Immigration Law, Family Law, Juvenile Law, Alternative Dispute Resolution, Negotiation, Education Law, Federal Criminal Law, Federal Income Taxation of Individuals, or International Law

LAWS 414. Food Law.2-3 Credits.

This course is designed to examine the legal and policy issues associated with the Food and Drug Administration's regulation of foods and dietary supplements and tobacco products. The class will review the statutory provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as well as the governing case law, implementing regulations, and administrative actions that govern the development/formulation, product positioning and approval/clearance, and labeling/marketing of these products. The course will also cover food safety issues, focusing on the Food Safety Modernization Act of 2011 and FDA's rules on restaurant menu and vending machine labeling. There will be some coverage of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, its authority over meat and poultry products, and its regulation of organic programs under the Organic Foods Production Act. Students will receive a comprehensive overview of the historical background and current state of FDA, and will explore FDA's expanding authority over novel technologies, enforcement and inspection powers, and post-marketing surveillance to address safety concerns. (2 or 3 credits dependent on instructor)

LAWS 415. Business Law Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 416. Health Law Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 417. Intellectual Property Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 418. Advanced Constitutional Law - Civil Righ.2 Credits.

LAWS 419. Adv.Con.Law-1st Amendment Religion Claus.3 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;

LAWS 420. Adv.Civ.Pro-CT Prac -S.2-3 Credits.

This course deals with selected problems in civil procedure of current or continuing interest.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 421. Advanced Con. Law.2-3 Credits.

This course deals with selected problems in constitutional law of current or continuing interest.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 422. Adv.Con.Law-Family & Educ..3 Credits.

LAWS 423. State Constitutional Law.2-3 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 424. Adv.Con.Law-Civil Rts. Litg'tn.2 Credits.

LAWS 425. Interview., Counsel.& Negotia..2 Credits.

This course aims to develop lawyering skill in three critical areas. Each skill will be introduced by lecture, discussion, and videotaped or transcribed examples. Each student will engage in a series of simulations, which are taped and critiqued by the professor and fellow students.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 426. Employment Discrimination Law.3 Credits.

This course examines the multitude of statutes- federal, state, and local- that provide for equal employment opportunities regardless of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, or physical or mental handicaps. The effectiveness of the various remedies is explored and the administrative processing of complaints is reviewed. Litigation strategies are also considered.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 427. Adv.Con.Law-Const. Research.2 Credits.

LAWS 428. Negotiation.2-3 Credits.

In this course students will study negotiation from theoretical and practical perspectives. The course will use lecture, discussion, film, and simulations to introduce students to the key features of negotiation. Each student will engage in a series of role play exercises, with an opportunity for critique and debriefing with faculty and fellow students. Spring 2016 January 15 & 22 (Fridays) 12:00 - 4:00 February 6 & 20 (Saturdays) 9:00 - 3:00 March 4 (Friday) 12:00 - 4:00 April 1 (Friday) 12:00 - 4:00

LAWS 429. International Human Rights.2 Credits.

This course considers human rights under the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and other U.N. documents and resolutions, as well as U.N. investigation of human rights violations. The course also examines regional arrangements to protect human rights, exemplified by the European Human Rights Convention and its inter-American counterpart. It is desirable but not essential that the student have completed a course in international law.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 430. International Trade.3 Credits.

The course will cover domestic and international laws and insti- tutions governing foreign trade, including the legal consequences of U.S. participation in the GATT, UNCTAD, and other internation- al forums, law regulating customs and tariffs, government pro- curement, subsidies, dumping, unfair foreign trade practices, disruptive imports under the escape clause, the generalized system of preferences, most-favored nation treatment, exports under the Export Administration Act, and foreigh assets control; the impact of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation treaties. Specialized problems will include foreign corrupt practices, and restrictive business practices. NAFTA, Custom Unions and Free Trade Areas.

LAWS 431. Criminal Procedure - Adj..3 Credits.

This course deals with the adjudicative stage of the criminal justice process. It includes the initial appearance following arrest, the decision to prosecute, the preliminary hearing, bail, indictment, pleas and plea bargaining, the trial, and double jeopardy. The major emphasis is on the constitutional limitations on the adjudication of criminal matters.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 432. Criminal Procedure Inv..3 Credits.

This course deals with the investigative stage of the criminal justice process. It focuses on the police function, emphasizing the constitutional limitations on that function and the means of enforcing those limitations. The course includes a consideration of such matters as arrest, stop and frisk, search and seizure, eavesdropping, wiretapping, identification procedures, and questioning of suspects.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 433. Comparative Criminal Procedure.2 Credits.

This course will broadly examine the rights of individuals under investigation and prosecution in continental and common law jurisdictions, with emphasis on the United States and Ireland and on the historical roots of some present day rules. We will examine individual rights involving police investigation (search and seizure of evidence, interrogation, and arrest) and criminal trial (the right to counsel, the right to a jury, evidentiary constraints, and sentencing). We will also discuss the special challenges posed by the threat of terrorism. Our main text will be Stephen C. Thaman, "Comparative Criminal Procedure: A Casebook Approach" (Carolina Academic Press 2d ed. 2008), with substantial supplemental and online materials.

LAWS 434. Employment Law.3 Credits.

This course presents an introduction to the laws that apply to the employer-employee relationship. It reviews issues that confront the employment lawyer practicing within the myriad regulatory laws and regulations governing employer and worker rights under federal, state and common law. The course examines a selection of various issues that arise in employment law such as the development of employment law, and sources of modern employment law in public employment, collective bargaining, non-discrimination, employment-at-will, judicial modification of employment-at-will, establishment of the employment relationship, a brief survey of the laws against discrimination, a review of wage and hour laws, pay equity and comparative worth, fringe benefits, conditions of employment in the work environment, OSHA and workers compensation, regulations and laws governing discharge, termination employment, unemployment and retirement.

LAWS 435. Advanced Family Law I - S.2 Credits.

This course deals with selected problems in family law of current or continuing interest.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 370;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 436. Adv.Fam.Law/Child/Fam& State.3 Credits.

LAWS 437. Computer and Internet Law.2 Credits.

This course covers computer hardware and software applications of copyright, patent, and unfair trade practices law, contracts for computer services and technology, invasion of privacy, and other related topics.

LAWS 438. Advanced Family Law II.2 Credits.

Prerequisites: LAWS 435
Corequisites: Take LAWS 370

LAWS 439. Computer Crime: Definitions, Investigati.3 Credits.

.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 432;

LAWS 442. Sports & Entertainment Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 443. Tax Law Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 444. Employment Law Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 445. Film Music Law in the Digita.2 Credits.

This is an advanced copyright seminar that explores the relationship among law, art, and commerce, with a particular focus on how law regulates artistic expression in the use of music in film. The course also investigates how the development of digital media and attendant distribution mechanisms have challenged the legal framework and impacted creative expression. Our focus in film will begin with an investigation of how film producers must "clear" music - obtain legal rights to its use - before placing it in a film. In this course you will learn the legal concepts that govern the "clearing" process, read a screenplay and corresponding director's track listing of music to be used in the film, and your graded assignment will be to "clear" a song for the film and to write a reflective essay about the experience. Co/Prerequisites: Intellectual Property or Entertainment law

Prerequisites: LAWS 506 Entertainment Law LAWS 331 Intellectual Property
Corequisites: Take LAWS 506 and LAWS 331

LAWS 446. Environmental Law Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 450. Non-Profit Organizations.2 Credits.

This course explores the historical development and principal theoretical rationals for the non-profit sector. It examines the formation, classification, peration, and goverances of non-profit organizations under both state and federal law. Particular emphasis will be given to state corporation law and federal tax exemption issues, including responsibilities and liabilities of directors, officers, and volunteers; financial management; the public policy issues involving commercial, lobbying, and other political activities; and constitutional issues affecting non- profit organizations.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;

LAWS 451. Sales & Exchange.2 Credits.

This is a study of tax consequences of property dispositions including discussion of basis, capital gains and losses, Section 1231 Assets, non-recognition transactions, wash sales, straddles, related party sales, and depreciation recapture.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 452. Tax Accounting.2 Credits.

This is a study of the proper timing of the inclusion of income items and deductability of expenses under certain provisions of the Internal Revenue Code, including discussion of installment sales, imputed interest and time value of money concepts, net operating losses, inventories, limitation of losses from passive activities, the At-Risk Rules, the Tax Benefit Rule, and the Claim-of-Right Doctrine.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 453. Corp. Reorganizations.2 Credits.

This is a study of the tax consequences to corporations and shareholders resulting from the various types of acquisitive and divisive reorganizations, recapitalizations, and reincorporations. Included also, will be a discussion of the rules concerning bankruptcy reorganizations.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 205;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 454. Advanced Corp. Tax.2 Credits.

This course explores the federal income tax consequences that follow when a corporate business is transferred to new owners. Principal topics of study are taxable asset and stock transfers and the statutorily prescribed scheme for nontaxable corporate reorganizations. (2 credits)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305 LAWS 580;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 455. Advanced Real Estate Trans..2 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 369;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 457. Healthcare Compliance Law.3 Credits.

This course illuminates the legal aspects of health care compliance. At both the federal and state levels, the course addresses the statutory, regulatory, and case law that comprises the complex legal backdrop in which the healthcare industry operates. The course introduces the history, purpose, and substance of healthcare regulatory compliance programs and addresses legal doctrines concerning reimbursement law and related fraud and abuse, legal restrictions on physician referral and related anti-kickback laws, antitrust law, compliance issues in healthcare business transactions, compliance mandates in the Affordable Care Act, and the law governing healthcare research.

LAWS 460. Aviation Law.2 Credits.

This course deals with laws, treaties, and regulatory policies uniquely applicable to air transportation. It examins conflicts and problems created by differing governmental objectives and regulatory philosophies, and the processes of negotiation and dispute settlement by which these problems are resolved. Consideration is given to the altered nature of the tasks confronting American lawyers in the light of deregulation and other policies pursued by the United States.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 462. Adv. Securities S,W.2 Credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 463. Advanced Torts (Med. Malprac.).2 Credits.

This course will cover the principles of medical negligence and their application in selected cases. Specific topics will include the physicians' duty to patients, the standard of care in medical malpractice actions, causation in law and medicine, the standard of proof, the damages obtainable, medical records and other evidence used to prove malpractice, the use of expert testimony, and the physician-patient privlege. Other areas to be discussed are hospital liability, the role of insurance, recent statutory reforms, and alternatives to litigation.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 464. Legislative Externship.2-5 Credits.

This internship places students in positions with members of the Connecticut legislature, and in the offices of the governor. Successful completion of a course in legislation may be a prerequisite.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 465. Advanced Torts.2 Credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 466. Adv.Torts:Defamation&Fraud.2 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 107;

LAWS 467. Adv. Torts:evading Torts Liability.2 Credits.

This course will examine the legal rules that enable individuals to shelter their assets from tort liability, consider the possible justifications for these rules, and explore alternatives for reform. Topics considered will include post-judgment remedies, exemptions from collection, discharge in bankruptcy, spendthrift trusts, offshore asset protection trusts, tenancy by the entirety, and family limited partnerships.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 107;

LAWS 470. Legislative Externship Seminar.1 Credit.

LAWS 471. Education Law.2 Credits.

This course covers those aspects of education which are regulated or influenced by law. Areas of study include; the rights of teachers, students, and parents in a school system; state compulsory education laws; school disciplinary processes; teacher tenure and union issues; and regulation of public, parochial and private education.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 475. Tax Procedure - Civil.2 Credits.

This is a study of practice before the IRS and the tax courts, as well as a study of refund litigation. Included will be a discussion of court procedures, statutes of limitation, ruling requests, and deficiency assessments.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 477. International Tax.2 Credits.

An analysis of the US tax treatment of nonresident aliens and foreign corporations, the US tax treatment of US individuals and corporations engaged in international transactions, calculations of the foreign tax credit, and US taxation of controlled foreign corporations.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 479. Marital Property.2 Credits.

Marital Property" has been defined as "Any interest, (right, power, privlege, or immunity) or aggregate of interests which arise in one spouse, with respects to things owned or acquired by the other spouse, solely by virtue of existence of the marital relation, but excluding from it the 'Bare Expectancy' of inheriting upon the death interstate of the other" (Marsh, 1952). This seminar, designed for third year students, will explore the variety of American Marital Property Regimes, whether instituted by voluntary act of spouses, operation of the law, or judicial discretion; and the incidents of these regimes during the ongoing marriage and upon termination of the marriage through divorce or death. Either a paper, which will satisfy the advanced writing requirement, or short memoranda on mini-research topics will be required in lieu of an exam.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 481. Appellate Clinic.3-7 Credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 497. Law Review II W.1-3 Credits.

The Quinnipiac Law Review Association is a student operated association. It publishes the Quinnipiac Law Review (QLR), a law journal that includes articles and book reviews written by legal scholars, as well as case comments and notes written by student members. A board of student editors solicits, organizes, edits, and publishes material for QLR. Membership is based on academic achievement and/or participation in an annual write-on competition. Successful completion of all requirements entitles a student to four academic credits and credit for the substantial paper component of the Advanced Writing Requirement.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 499. Advanced Commercial Problems.2 Credits.

This course examines selected topics in commercial law and creditors rights. The first three weeks will be used to review the field and examine the current literature of the subject. Students will then select topics for papers.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 500. Western Legal Tradition.3 Credits.

Topics in the historical development of Roman, Canon, and Soviet Law and Anglo-American Common Law. This course may fulfill both the jurisprudential requirement and the substantial paper component of the advanced writing requirement.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 502. Tax Procedure-Crim..2 Credits.

This is an in-depth study of the substantive and procedural problems involved in civil and criminal fraud litigation. Also discussed will be the methods employed to prove income indirectly such as the bank deposits method and the net worth analysis.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 503. Deferred Compensation.2 Credits.

A study of methods available to defer compensation, including both qualified and unqualified plans, HR 10 plans, IRA and ESOP plans. This course is concerned with a study of some of the comtemporary problems of tax reform and tax policy. The student will be required to draft a bill revising some tax law and to prepare committee reports explaining the revision.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 504. Tax Policy- S, W.2-2 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, Spring

LAWS 505. Mergers & Acquisitions.2 Credits.

This course will examine the purchase and sale of business entities through a presentation and discussion of the acquisition process. It will introduce the student to acquisition transactions through an examination of the reasons for acquisitions, the types of acquisitions, the structure of acquisition transactions, the documentation and negotiation of the principal agreements and documents to effect an acquisition transaction and certain corporate governance matters related to the approval of acquisitions. The course will focus on private company transactions but will also consider matters regarding public company transactions. This examination will also include a presentation and analysis of the purchaser and the seller issues frequently encountered in the acquisition process. This course is designed to explain to the student the lawyer?s role in an acquisition and to promote an understanding of the theory and the practice of law as it applies to the purchase and the sale of business entities.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 205;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 506. Entertainment Law.2 Credits.

This course examines the legal principles and business practices of several entertainment industries including music, motion picture, television, live theater, and print publishing.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 507. Agency & Partnerships.2 Credits.

This course is based on a series of problems involving common business transactions in the context of business planning and counseling. Emphasis is plaved upon problems of closely held corporations; the allocation of stock and control; issuance of securities and capital structure; valuation; Securities Act problems dividends; reduction of capital; buying out of stockholders; acquisitions via merger or purchase of stock or assets; redemption of stock; liquidations; and other problems of closely held and publicly held corporations.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 508. Worker's Compensation.2 Credits.

The course will cover the law of workers' compensation, with attention given, where appropriate, to the Connecticut Act. The course generally will deal with the liability of employers for work-related injuries to employees. In particular, the course will consider: employees' remedies prior to and apart from workers' compensation; the Compensation Principle; the necessary employer-employee relationship required to activate coverage; the concept of accident; accidents during the course of the employment; accidents arising out of employment; occupational disease; proof of causation and independent causes after the accident; compensation for non-fatal injury; death benefits; administration of workers' compensation laws; and third party suits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 509. Sports Law.2 Credits.

This course will examine the legal issues involved in amateur, collegiate, and professional sports, including coach and player contracts, NCAA regulation and litigation, athlete-agents, torts involving players and fans and professional player drafts. The course will be taught using a hybrid approach of traditional case method, current cases and issues in sports law, as well as practical exercises such as mock negotiations. Class participation, oral presentations and weekly writing assignments will be required. Sports Law is designed for students with an interest in a career in sports law, or a deep interest in the legal issues surrounding the business of sports.

LAWS 510. Commercial Transactions Workshop.2 Credits.

This workshop will serve as an introduction to some of the practical aspects of transactional practice. Through participation in a simulated common transaction, students will review and draft or edit (or both) portions of documents such as a contract for the sale of goods, an asset purchase agreement, a commercial lease, a promissory note, and a security agreement. The work with the documents will be based on both legal principles and business considerations. Other exercises will include drafting memoranda explaining documents to clients and assisting clients in resolving disputes that arise during performance of an ongoing agreement. The course objectives will include inculcating professional skills in interactions with clients and opposing counsel in deal making. The course should prove useful for students who are interested in transactional work as well as those who are interested in commercial litigation or arbitration.

LAWS 512. Historic Preservation.2 Credits.

This course will explore the extent to which legal protection should be provided for the preservation of historic buildings and the policy reasons for and against such protection. We will study federal statutes governing preservation, religious land use, and archaeological treasures; constitutional issues ranging from the First Amendment to takings law; innovations in building codes that encourage rehabilitation; environmental policy; tax credits; and the utility of nonprofit organizations, stateside and worldwide. We will consider the interaction of those laws with aesthetic and political issues. We will also survey state and local laws across the country with a focus on Connecticut. Satisfies the substantial paper requirement. No prerequisite.

LAWS 513. Land Use Practicum.3 Credits.

In this practicum, students will participate in some classroom meetings, team meetings, and meetings before local land use agencies, primarily during regularly scheduled class time. Students will meet with the local land use agencies in a Connecticut town and will attend their meetings on a regular basis, analyzing applications and reporting to the rest of the class. Teams will be assigned to review selected regulations, present what they find during public sessions in the town, research and draft improvements to the regulations, and present those drafts at public meetings. The course will enable students to gain a real-world understanding of local land use regulations (many of which are profoundly imperfect), critique administrative proceedings, research and draft regulations, and make at least two public presentations. 3 credits

LAWS 514. Tax of Trusts & Estates.2 Credits.

This is a study of the income tax problems of estates and trusts including a discussion of income in respect of a decendent and grantor trusts.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 515. Alternative Dispute Resolution.2-3 Credits.

This course examines a number of alternative approaches to the traditional resolution of disputes through litigation. These include: adjudicative processes, such as arbitration; consensual processes, such as interest-based negotiation and mediation, including a diverse range of theories and approaches to mediation; and other emerging alternative processes, such as collaborative lawyering. The focus of this course is upon examining and demonstrating how practicing lawyers classically trained for the courtroom must adapt and adjust to a wide spectrum of ADR processes increasingly being used to resolve disputes outside of court. This is an introductory course and is one of the courses required for the Civil Advocacy and Dispute Resolution Concentration.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 516. International Business Trans..3 Credits.

Within a framework of the political and jurisprudential underpinning of international law, consideration is given to the problems of the lawyer with a commercial clientele. these are relevant both to governments and private participants. Specific topics covered will include aspects of multinational enterprises, the overseas reach of the antitrust laws, the general agreement on tariffs and trade, the European Common Market, economic warfare, (i.e. blacklists, boycotts, etc.) confiscation of foreign-owned property, trans-national aspects of income taxation, and the role of international institutions such as the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 517. Int'l Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflict.2 Credits.

International Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflict Course Description: International Humanitarian Law (also known as the law of armed conflict and the laws of war) concerns the rules and principles governing the conduct of armed conflict. This course will consider the origins and development of IHL, the Geneva Conventions, and the interaction between IHL and other law, such as international human rights law, international criminal law, and U.S. constitutional law. Specific topics may include the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Iraq and Afghan wars, the treatment of detainees at Guantanamo Bay, the applicability of IHL to international terrorism, and mechanisms for holding violators accountable, including ad hoc international tribunals and the International Criminal Court. Although the focus of the course will be jus in bello, the law regulating the conduct of war, there will be some discussion of jus ad bellum, the law relating to the legality of armed conflict, aggression, and self defense.

LAWS 518. Municipal Externship.3 Credits.

This program allows students the opportunity to intern for a semester with the law department of a municipal corporation. Interns work a minimum of nine hours a week under the direction of the corporate counsel and are exposed to a variety of matters relating to municipal law. Periodically, interns meet with their faculty supervisor to discuss their progress. A grade is awarded on a pass-fail basis after a joint evaluation by the corporate cousel and the faculty supervisor. to be eligible, students must be in good academic standing and have completed at least 31 credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 519. State & Local Tax.2 Credits.

This is a study of the major ways state and local governments tax multi-state businesses. Included will be a discussion of the problems of apportionment and constitutional limitations on state taxation.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 520. Public Interest Externship.2-5 Credits.

This program encompasses a broad range of placements in legal departments of public agencies and private not-for-profit organizations. Past placements have included Attorney General's offices, various State's Attorneys offices, Public defender offices, The Connecticut Fund for the Environment, and the Internal Revenue Service. Students are assigned to work with supervising attorneys and devote at least ten hours a week to the internship.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 521. Family&juvenile Law Externship.2-5 Credits.

Students will work in Legal Services offices (New Haven Legal Assistance, Connecticut Legal Services, or Greater Hartford Legal Assistance) or in private law offices, representing low- to middle-income clients in family and child abuse and neglect matters. Family Law and/or Juvenile Law is strongly recommended in the same or prior semester. Optional short paper credit; one two-hour class every other week. (Pre- or co-requisite: Evidence)

LAWS 523. Mediation Externship.1-5 Credits.

Prerequisites: LAWS 374
Corequisites: Take LAWS 374

LAWS 525. Moot Court I.1 Credit.

Participation on the Moot Court Board allows students to build upon the writing and advocacy skills developed in the first year Legal Skills Program. Students practice advocacy skills by preparing and presenting both written briefs and oral arguements, which are usually made before a panel of judges. Members of the student board, elected through an intramural competition held each Fall, compete in national and regional competitions with teams from other law schools. Successful completion of a student's first academic year of membership on the board, including participation in the intramural competition used to select members, entitles the student to one credit. One additional credit may be earned for participation as a competitor or competition editor in an interscholastic Moot Court competition. A maximum of three credits may be gained for all participation in Moot Court Board activities. Moot Court Board credits are granted with the grade of "pass". Any award or credit is based in part on the student's own preparation of a written memorandum or brief assented to by a faculty member and is subject to the faculty member's evaluation and review of the student's entire work in the competition.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 526. Moot Court II.1-2 Credits.

Participation on the Moot Court Board allows students to build upon the writing and advocacy skills developed in the first year Legal Skills Program. Students practice advocacy skills by preparing and presenting both written briefs and oral arguements, which are usually made before a panel of judges. Members of the Student Board, elected through an intramural competition held each Fall, compete in national and regional competitions with teams from other law schools. Successful completion of a student's first year of membership on the board, including participation in the intramural competition used to select members, entitles a student to one credit. One additional credit may be earned for participation as a competitor or competition editor in an interscholastic Moot Court competition. A maximum of three credits may be gained for all participation in Moot Court activities. Moot Court Board credits are granted with the the grade of "pass". Any award of credit is based in part on the student's own preparation of a written memorandum or brief assented to by a faculty member, and is subject to the faculty member's evaluation and review of the student's entire work in the competition.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 527. Corporate Counsel Externship.2-5 Credits.

Students work in the legal departments of area corporations and membership organizations. One two-hour class every other week.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 528. Moot Court III.1 Credit.

Participation on the Moot Court Board allows students to build on the writing and advocacy skills developed in the first year Legal Skills Program. Students practice advocacy skills by presenting both written briefs and oral arguements, which are usually made before a panel of judges. Members of the Student Board, elected through an intramural competition held each Fall, compete in national and regional competitions with teams from other law schools. Successful completion of a student's first academic year of membership on the board, including participation in the competition used to elect members, entitles the student to one credit. One additional credit may be earned for participation as a competitor or competition editor during interscholastic Moot Court competition. A maximum of three credits may be gained for all participation in Moot Court activities. Moot Court Board credits are granted with the grade of "pass". Any award of credit is based in part on the student's own preparation of a written memorandum or brief assented to by a faculty member and is subject to the faculty member's evaluation and review of the student's entire work in the competition.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 529. Advanced Topics in Mediation.1 Credit.

This seminar will require the students to draw on their prior Mediation Course or training (required pre-requisite) and their externship experiences in the field (pre- or co-requisite) and will focus on the integration of their practice with new and advanced concepts. The emphasis of the course is to: . Compare and contrast the differences between the theory of mediation and the practice of mediation; . Study in greater depth the ethical issues encountered in mediation; . Offer opportunities to continue to develop core Mediation skills, including, for example, in more complex, multi-party settings; . Examine the policies and contexts where mediation is in full use, and where there is resistance to its use; and . Explore opportunities for the expansion of the use of mediation and dialogue tools in a greater range of problem-solving contexts, such as consensus building, public dialogue. 1 credit; seven 2-hour classes - Paper; no final exam. Paper will be a 10-12 page compilation of report on experiences with application and integration of theory on methods, roles and ethical issues.

Prerequisites: LAWS 523
Corequisites: Take LAWS 523

LAWS 530. Probate Law Journal I.1-3 Credits.

The Quinnipiac Probate Law Journal is a student-edited law journal covering developments in probate law and practice. The Journal includes scholarly articles, as well as noteworthy judicial opinions from probate courts throughout the nation. Membership on the Journal is based on academic achievement and/or participation in an annual write-on competition. Successful completion of all requirements entitles a student to four academic credits and credit for the substantial paper component of the Advanced Writing Requirement.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 531. Probate Law Journal II W.1-2 Credits.

The Quinnipiac Probate Law Journal is a student-edited law journal covering developments in probate law and practice. The Journal includes scholarly articles, as well as noteworthy judicial opinions from probate courts throughout the nation. Membership on the Journal is based on academic achievement and/or participation in an annual write-on competition. Successful completion of all requirements entitles a student to four academic credits and credit for the substantial paper component of the Advanced Writing Requirement.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 533. The Jury.2 Credits.

Topics may include, among others, the right to a jury, the right to an impartial jury, jury selection practices and techniques, counsel's impression on the jury, techniques of persuasion, and the experience of being a juror. Emphasis will be placed on jury instruction practices, the comprehensibility of instructions, and reform of instruction practices. The student may be required to design and perform a simple experiment concerning mock jurors' understanding of instructions. Simulation work, if any, will be limited.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 535. Adv. Securities Reg. (RICO).2 Credits.

The focus in this course will be on selected problems in securities litigation, including insider trading; fraud on the market, secondary liability; and the Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 325;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 539. Intro. to Dispute Res. in Healthcare.2-3 Credits.

This course will introduce students to the potential role of ADR in resolving some of the most compelling disputes in the healthcare field. As this course will emphasize both conflict resolution skill-building and content-based learning, by the end of the course, students will be familiar with a spectrum of dispute resolution processes and context specific strategies for resolving conflicts in different healthcare settings. This is an intermediate course designed for students who have some familiarity with alternative dispute resolution and/or healthcare law.

LAWS 540. Family & Juvenile Law Externship.2-5 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 311;

LAWS 541. Fam&Juv. Law Seminar.1 Credit.

LAWS 542. Healthcare Industry Regulation & Control.3 Credits.

This course will analyze and discuss the statutory, regulatory and private contract provisions that govern the delivery of healthcare by licensed providers.

LAWS 544. Advanced Health Law, SW.2 Credits.

This is a limited enrollment course, open only to students who have taken the introductory Health Law course (LAWS 345) or who have professional training in medicine, nursing, or a related field. Students will be expected to do independent research in an area of health law to be approved by the instructor. In addition to producing a paper of substantial legal scholarship, students will be required to make class presentations on their research. This course is cross listed for the Health Care Compliance Certificate (offered in conjunction with the School of Business) and the Scholarly Reflection and Concentration/Capstone Course at the Frank H. Netter School of Medicine. [Prerequisite: Health Law ([LAWS 345)] (2 credits)

Prerequisites: LAWS 345

LAWS 545. Healthcare and Hospital Administration.2 Credits.

This introductory course in healthcare and hospital administration will introduce students to the field of hospital administration and healthcare management.It will give an overview of contemporary issues relating to government healthcare regulation, hospital administration,medical staff credentialing, financial reimbursement,personnel management and federal efforts for universal healthcare coverage.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 546. Law & Psychiatry.2 Credits.

This course will cover the definition of mental illness, the scope of the problem of mental illness and its societal effects, the training of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals, the institutions providing treatment for mental illness, the law with respect to civil commitment, the rights of mental patients, the criminal and civil liability of the mentally ill, and the role of mental health professionals as expert witnesses in selected areas of the law.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 547. Civ.&Pol Rts-1st Amendment.2 Credits.

This course is a study of the law of the individual liberties and civil rights, with emphasis on the First Amendment speech, press, and religion causes.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 548. Foreign Tax II.2 Credits.

This course includes a detailed analysis of U.S. tax treatment of U.S. individuals and corporations engaged in international transactions, including selected aspects of the "Pentapus" (Sections 531, 541, 551, 951, 1246-47, and 1248), detailed consideration of controlled foreign corporations, calculation of the foreign tax credit, and application of Section 482.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 549. Bioethics.3 Credits.

This course will cover the legal and ethical issues involved in such areas as human experimentation, novel means of reproduction made possible by advanced technology, medical treatment of patients who are incompetent to consent, genetic screening and counseling, abortion, the treatment of defective newborns, the definition of death, organ transplantation, AIDS, and drug and alcohol addiction.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 550. Advanced Administrative Law.2 Credits.

This course deals with selected problems in administrative law of current or continuing interest.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 551. Federal Criminal Law.2 Credits.

This course examines Federal Substantive Criminal Law. It includes a re-examination of the constitutional authority of the national government; judicial, legislative and administrative approaches to limiting federal authority; and the state-federal relationship in the criminal process. The bulk of class time will be devoted to close examination of several statutory offenses, such as racketeering, mail fraud, and conspiracy. The course also focuses on ethical and policy issues confronting attorneys involved in the Federal Criminal Justice System.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110; Take LAWS 113;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 553. Law Practice Management.2 Credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 555. Consolidated Returns.2 Credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 556. Supreme Court Seminar.2 Credits.

In this course, students will examine a cross-disciplinary selection of cases on the United States Supreme Court's current docket. They will be asked to predict the outcome of these cases, justice by justice, based upon their readings of similar cases (supplemented by law review articles) which the present justices have already decided. One of the purposes of the course will be to demonstrate that the same judicial philosophies manifest themselves in a variety of seemingly unconnected subjects. While one faculty member will be primarily responsible for the coordination of the course, it may involve participation by a number of individual faculty members representing the breadth of expertise required by the subject.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 557. Analytical Methods-P.2-3 Credits.

The course introduces and examines the analytical concepts and quantitative techniques of economics, accounting, finance, and statistics, as tools of effective legal argumentation and for the giving of sound legal advice. Topics covered include the fundamentals of decision analysis, basic game theory, contracting, accounting, finance, microeconomics, economic analysis of law, fundamentals of statistical analysis, and multivariate analysis.

LAWS 559. Comparative Law.3 Credits.

The principle focus of this course is on the history and present state of the civil law. About one-third of the course is devoted to the evolution of Roman law and its reception in Western Europe. This is followed by an examination of the main institutions of the substantive private law of such leading civil law countries as France and Germany, with some attention also to jurisdictions closer to the English-speaking world such as Louisiana, Puerto Rico, Quebec, Scotland, and South Africa. A brief account is given of the peculiarities of the Continental European Procedure, legal education, and legal profession. There are continual comparisons with the Anglo-American Common Law System.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 560. Current Tax Problems (LL.M).2 Credits.

This is a study of selected tax topics of current interest. It is anticipated that the course content will change from year to year.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 561. Estate Planning & Administ'n.2 Credits.

This course considers techniques of creating, transforming, and disposing of wealth with emphasis on the impact of federal estate, gift, and income tax laws. This is a skills course. Assignments may include drafting of appropriate instuments and problem solving.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 205 LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 562. Family Estate Planning.4 Credits.

This course is an integration of the separate courses of "Trusts and Estates", "Estate and Gift Taxes", and "Taxation of Trusts and Estates". The course will permit students to analyze wealth transfer problems from both the State Substantive Law and Federal Tax Law perspective. The course may extend over two semesters.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 370;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 563. Law & The Humanities S,W.2 Credits.

The course reflects on the Western Legal Tradition and what the practice of law and being a lawyer has entailed in the course of history. The course focuses on legal history, law and literature and popular culture and legal philosophy in historical context. It is an advanced writing seminar that explores topics related to literature and the law in historical context. Themes of law, justice, and ehtics will be examined in the works of authors such as Sophocles, Shakespeare, Austen, Eliot, Wharton, Camus, and Faulkner.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 564. Poverty Law.2 Credits.

The course examines the problems of poor persons and selected governmental and private efforts to aid them; consumer protection laws; the requirements and procedures regulating eligibility for Welfare Assistance; alternatives to the present system of Welfare payments; Housing Code enforcement; subsidized housing; the role of the poor persons in determining and managing programs designed to assist them; legal representation and counseling of the indigent persons.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 565. Social Justice.3 Credits.

Competing theories of justice have implications for how the law does and should resolve a host of concrete issues. In this seminar, we shall first compare the theories of Ackerman (Social Justice in the Liberal State), Rawls, (A theory of Justice), and other contemporary and traditional theorists. We shall then consider how application of these theories would affect resolution of such issues as the following: 1) the proper accomodation of state and parental control over the rearingm, education, and medicating of children, 2) the scope of just compensation for taking of private property, 3) the property/ necessity of Affirmative Action to compensate members of disadvantaged groups, 4) the role of the state in distribution and redistribution of wealth, 5) the balance between interests of living generations and those of future generations in environmental/resource decision-making, 6) competing claims of those accused of crime and victims of crime, and 7) such other topics as seem particularly interesting to the professor of the class.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 566. Supervised Tax Research.2 Credits.

With approval of a faculty member, tax students may select a topic for extensive research culminating in a paper of publishable quality.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 567. Tax Exempt Orgs..2 Credits.

This is a study of the rules related to organizations exempt from federal taxation including problems of unrelated business income. Problems related to qualification under section 501(c)(3) and private foundations will also be discussed.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 568. Tax Shelters.2 Credits.

This is a study of the principal vehicles used to shelter income. Included also will be a discussion of deferral, conversion, and leverage and disposal of shelter interests.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 569. Public Law Seminar.2 Credits.

This seminar will examine selected problems relating to state and local government law in a federal system, and sociopsychological factors in the development of public law. There will be assigned readings for discussion at the seminars. Seminar participants will conduct field studies of selected federal, state, and local governmental and land-use topics. A student might choose to investigate, for example, the resolution of conflicts between state agencies and local governments in the disposition of solid waste, a state's wetlands program, intergovernmental contracts to provide needed public works, the cause and management of local deficits, the structure and reform of local taxation, the budgetary process of a municipality, the initiation, drafting and implementation of local ordinances regulating traffic in a municipality, variances granted by zoning appeals board, or the legality of land-use controls designed to limit growth. In undertaking such projects, a seminar participant may work with practicing attorneys involved in such matters. Seminar participants will complete a research paper in connection with such a project, which will satisfy the advanced writing requirement. The paper topics will be discussed in later seminar sessions.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 343;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 570. Insurance Taxation.2 Credits.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 205;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 571. Complex Litigation.2 Credits.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 572. Immigrat'n & Natural'n Law.3 Credits.

An introduction to the practice of immigration law, to include the substantive and procedural rights of foreign nationals. Topics will include: the role of US government agencies charged with administering immigration, admission and entry to the United States, and removal from the United States. Ethical issues unique to the practice of immigration law will be highlighted throughout the course.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 573. Adv. Civil Pro. - NY Practice.3 Credits.

The course deals with selected problems in civil procedure of current or continuing interest. (Prerequisite: Civil Procedure)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 574. Adv. Civil Pro. - CT Practice.2-3 Credits.

This course deals with selected problems in civil procedure in the state of Connecticut of current or continuing interest.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 575. Adv.Civ.Pro: Complex Litigation Adv.Civ.Pro.:complex Litigation.3 Credits.

Advanced Civil Procedure: Complex Litigation This course will familiarize students with the doctrines, procedures and rules, including but not limited to consolidation, class action and preclusion that are being utilized to resolve complex civil disputes involving multiple parties, claims and jurisdictions. The course will also explore the policy and management challenges presented by the litigation of complex civil disputes.

LAWS 576. Adv. Civ Pro - Federal - W.3 Credits.

LAWS 579. Advanced Externship Seminar.1 Credit.

LAWS 580. Taxation of Bus. Enterprises.4 Credits.

This is a study of basic concepts of federal income taxation of partnerships, traditional corporations, and subcharter S corporations.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 581. Tax Research - S,W.2 Credits.

With approval of a faculty member, tax students may select a topic for extensive research culminating in a paper of publishable quality.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 305;
Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 582. Banking.3 Credits.

This course examines the regulatory structure applicable to depository institutions and includes consideration of U.S. banking history, entry into banking, limitations on banking activities, the bank holding company, geographic restrictions on banking, securities powers of banks, globalization of financial institutions, and current regulatory issues.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 583. Intro to Irish Legal System.2 Credits.

This course will cover the historical background tothe Irish Constitution, the powers and functions of Parliament, Goverment, and the Judiciary, constitutional interpretation, and issues surrounding the role of natural law. We will study the funda- mental rights articles of the Irish Constitution, including the equality guarantee, unenumerated personal rights, the right to life, freedom of expression, assembly, and association, family rights, education, private property, and religion.

LAWS 584. Irish Legal System.2 Credits.

The Irish Legal system shares a common background and history with the American and Eglish systems, but it also has it s own. This course will examine some of the history of the Irish legal system, its courts, procedures, and include an introduction to some of the substantive law of Ireland.

LAWS 585. Economic Torts.2 Credits.

The course explores common law and statutory standards of conduct in relationships between businesses and consumers and between businesses. Topics considered in the course may include unfair breaches of contract, predatory lending, fraud, negligent misrepresentation, statutory theft, conversion, breach of fiduciary duty, interference with contractual relations, commercial disparagement and defamation, and vexatious litigation.

LAWS 586. Advanced International Law.2 Credits.

LAWS 587. Disability Law.2 Credits.

This course focuses on The Americans with Disabilities Act, including its sections prohibiting disability discrimination in the workplace, in public accommodations and in state and local government services. The course explores the key elements of the law, including the definition of disability, reasonable accommodations, undue hardship and the direct threat defense. The course also examines the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Federal Rehabilitation Act.

LAWS 588. Health Law Journal I.1-2 Credits.

The Quinnipiac Health Law Journal is a student-edited law journal. Each issue contains a collection of scholarly articles involving health law issues written by students of Quinnipiac University School of Law and/or legal scholars in the Health Law profession. Membership on the Journal is based on academic achievement and/or participation in an annual write-on competition. Successful completion of all requirements entitles a student to four academic credits and credit for the substantial paper component of the Advanced Writing Requirement.

LAWS 589. Health Law Journal II.1-2 Credits.

The Quinnipiac Health Law Journal is a student-edited law journal. Each issue contains a collection of scholarly articles involving health law issues written by students of Quinnipiac University School of Law and/or legal scholars in the Health Law profession. Membership on the Journal is based on academic achievement and/or participation in an annual write-on competition. Successful completion of all requirements entitles a student to four academic credits and credit for the substantial paper component of the Advanced Writing Requirement.

LAWS 590. Symposium: the Law of Politics & Media.2 Credits.

This is a Constitutional Law course that focuses on the role of attorneys in the political process. We will spend time studying the power of the executive branch; political cover-ups; lying to Congress; impeachment; political deal making; campaign finance; the role of the press; and voting rights.

LAWS 591. Int'l Litigation in US Courts.3-3 Credits.

LAWS 592. Personal Property Leasing.2 Credits.

LAWS 593. Law & Social Science.3 Credits.

LAWS 594. Comparative Legal History.2-3 Credits.

LAWS 595. Adv.Con.Law- Abortion.2-3 Credits.

This course will examine the Supreme Court's most important abortion decisions and selected recent cases in the lower federal courts. Topics covered will include the right to elective abortion, the right to a health-saving abortion, regulation of juvenile abortions, the rights (if any) of fathers and husbands to be involved in abortion decisions, and the nature and scope of the state's interests in protecting fetal life and in promoting maternal health and safety.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 113;

LAWS 596. Franchise Law.3 Credits.

The course covers selected topics in franchise law.

LAWS 597. Chinese Law.3 Credits.

LAWS 598. Native American Law, S,w.2 Credits.

Native American Law Course Description Topics covered in this course include tribal sovereignty and self government in Indian country, the special relationship between Indians and the federal government, federal Indian policy, conflicts involving tribal, federal, and state jurisdiction over Indians and Indian affairs in Indian country, tribal authority over Indians and non-Indians, criminal jurisdiction over Indians and non-Indians for offenses committed on reservations, tribal access to capital markets, tribal economic development, casinos and other types of gaming, land claim litigation, and current issues affecting tribal tribes, their governments, and their members.

LAWS 599. Intro to Representing Clients.2 Credits.

This course is designed to prepare students for individual client representation and work in other practice settings. IRC students explore the lawyer's role, and develop interviewing, counseling, and negotiation skills by representing each other in mock cases.

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 600. Law and Gender.2 Credits.

Offered: All

LAWS 601. Managed Health Care.2 Credits.

Managed Health Care This course will examine issues of current interest in the area of managed care. Topics covered may include formation of integrated health care delivery systems and the rights and obligations of third-party payors, providers, and patients. (2 credits)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 602. Law and Forensic Science.2 Credits.

Forensic scientific evidence is frequently the subject of court challenges and public controversy. Critics question the methods forensic scientists employ and the validity of their conclusions, while forensic experts claim that their work is misrepresented or misunderstood. During this course, experts in DNA, fingerprints, pattern interpretation, and other forensic disciplines will present the basic principles of their fields, accepted interpretation models, and the scientific limits of what experts can reasonably conclude. The course will also explore, through case examples and discussion, various strategies for using forensic evidence to support or challenge the reliability of factual findings.

LAWS 603. Ethics & The Crim Just. System.2 Credits.

This course explores various issues of legal ethics that arise in the criminal justice system.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 113;
Offered: All

LAWS 604. Medical Malpractice.2 Credits.

This course will cover the principles of medical negligence and their application in selected cases. Specific topics will include the physician's duty to patients, the standard of care in medical malpractice actions, causation in law and medicine, the standard of proof, the damages obtainable, medical records and other evidence used to prove malpractice, the use of expert testimony, and the physician patient privilege. Other areas to be discussed are hospital liability, the role of insurance, recent statutory reforms, and alternatives to litigation. (2 or 3 credits)

LAWS 605. Adv. Con Law-Hist Bill/Rights.3 Credits.

The view that the constitution must be interpreted in accordance with the original understanding of the people who wrote and ratified it has gained an increasing prominence among scholars, lawyers, and judges in recent years. This means that lawyers have to know how to read and evaluate the historical evidence that is critical to the resolution of constitutional issues under this view of constitutional interpretation. This class addresses those needs by examining the original understanding of every clause of the part of our Constitution to which we refer to as the Bill of Rights. (4 credits)

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 110;

LAWS 606. Adv. Juvenile Law.2 Credits.

This course covers selected topics in juvenile law of current or continuing interest. Issues may include child custody, adoption, technological advances in childbearing, and the costs and benefits of indeterminacy in standards for child custody. There is no prerequisite but students should have taken either Juvenile Law or Family Law. (2 or 3 credits)

LAWS 607. Legal Services Externship.2-5 Credits.

LAWS 608. Legal Services Seminar.1 Credit.

LAWS 609. Externship Seminar.1 Credit.

LAWS 610. Adv.ConLaw-Comp.Due.Process.2 Credits.

LAWS 611. Advanced Clinic.1-6 Credits.

Some students who have completed a clinic semester will be invited to continue working in the clinic on advanced matters. May or may not have formal classroom component, at the professor's discretion. (By arrangement with clinic faculty; 1 to 6 credits)

Offered: Every year, All

LAWS 612. Advanced Tax Clinic.2-5 Credits.

Some students who have completed a clinic semester will be invited to continue working in the clinic on advanced matters. May or may not have formal classroom component, at the professor's discretion.

Prerequisites: take LAWS 295

LAWS 613. Health Clinic Seminar.1 Credit.

Corequisites: Take LAWS 298

LAWS 615. Conn. Adjudicative Criminal Procedure.2 Credits.

This course will introduce students to the fundamentals necessary to practice criminal law in the State of Connecticut. It examines both the theoretical and practical aspects of Connecticut criminal procedure. The students will be familiarized with the criminal statutes, the criminal provisions of the Connecticut Practice Book and seminal state and federal criminal cases dealing with the Connecticut pretrial process. There will be practical exercises and mock pretrial proceedings which apply the materials covered in class. This course will encompass many of areas of pretrial practice including arraignments; bond arguments; discovery; plea negotiations; pretrial diversionary programs; hearings on motions to suppress physical evidence, identification evidence and/or statements; competency; violations of probation; and sentencing. Prerequisite or Corequisite: Criminal Procedure-Adjudicative or Criminal Procedure-Investigative

LAWS 616. International Environmental Law.3 Credits.

This three-credit course addresses several leading topics in international environmental law and policy, including climate change, ozone depletion, international trade and the environment, biodiversity protection, the polar regions, and the law of the sea. The course will examine sources of international environmental law and the roles that international law institutions play in developing and implementing international environmental agreements. The course also addresses extraterritorial application of domestic environmental law.

Offered: As needed, Summer

LAWS 617. Compar. Trad. & Trends in the Legal Prof.2 Credits.

This course will examine some of the core values, principles, and organization of the legal profession and the practice of law in the US, Ireland, and several other jurisdictions. There will be at least one example from each of the six populated continents. The course will cover the traditions of the several legal systems, and will focus on key concepts such as professionalism norms, confidentiality, duty of loyalty, the nature of the lawyer/client relationship, lawyer regulation, and access to justice. Cultural differences that impact some of these concepts will be explored, such as authoritarian vs. egalitarianism and individualistic vs. communitarian worldviews. The course will also examine the origins and global progress of several new and emerging ?movements? affecting the legal profession, such as Mediation and other dispute resolution methods, Collaborative Law and other innovations in Negotiation, Therapeutic Jurisprudence, Restorative Justice, and Comprehensive or Integrative Law.

LAWS 620. Electronic Discovery & Digital Evidence.2 Credits.

This course will examine the procedural and evidentiary issues that arise in an increasingly digital world. We will focus on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the Federal Rules of Evidence as they apply to the retention, storage, production in pre-trial discovery, and admissibility at trial of electronically stored information. The course will be interactive and afford students the opportunity to utilize written and oral advocacy skills in applying the rules of procedure, evidence and ethics to civil and criminal case scenarios. The course will also involve a research paper and no final exam. No special knowledge about computers is needed. Pre or Co-Requisite: Evidence

Corequisites: Take LAWS 311

LAWS 622. Advanced Topics in Mediation.1 Credit.

This seminar will require the students to draw on their prior Mediation Course or training (required pre-requisite) and their externship experiences in the field (pre- or co-requisite) and will focus on the integration of their practice with new and advanced concepts. The emphasis of the course is to: ?tCompare and contrast the differences between the theory of mediation and the practice of mediation; ?tStudy in greater depth the ethical issues encountered in mediation; ?tOffer opportunities to continue to develop core Mediation skills, including, for example, in more complex, multi-party settings; ?tExamine the policies and contexts where mediation is in full use, and where there is resistance to its use; and ?tExplore opportunities for the expansion of the use of mediation and dialogue tools in a greater range of problem-solving contexts, such as consensus building, public dialogue.

Prerequisites: Take LAWS 523 LAWS 524;

LAWS 623. Writing Workshop.1 Credit.

LAWS 625. Health Information Privacy and Security.2-3 Credits.

Health information privacy and security are critical components of the current health care culture and health law environment. This course provides an introduction to these privacy and security concerns and surveys key issues including electronic health records, the exchange of health information, privacy breaches, and the globalization of health care and clinical research. The course will discuss the interplay of federal health care privacy law with state privacy law with a focus on the federal Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). The course will also present an overview of international healthcare privacy considerations in cross-border healthcare-related transactions, including tele-health consultations and global research. In addition to reviewing the legal authority, the course will feature sample case studies for analysis and discussion and will emphasize creative, critical thinking about health care privacy and security law in the context of the "real world.

LAWS 626. Evening Clinic: Legal Ethics Project.1 Credit.

LAWS 627. Evening Clinic: Veterans Law Project.1-4 Credits.

LAWS 628. Estate Planning & Drafting.2 Credits.

Estate Planning & Drafting

Corequisites: LAWS 307

LAWS 629. Government Contracts Law.2 Credits.

This course will examine the legal issues pertaining to the United States Government's contracting activities. Students will receive an overview of the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) and underlying statutes such as the Competition in Contracting Act (CICA) and Contract Disputes Act of 1978 (CDA). The course will give students the opportunity to explore the unique aspects of Government contract formation, administration, and litigation in both the private and public sectors.

LAWS 630. Public Health Directive Workshop.1 Credit.

LAWS 631. Financial Planning: Principles and Taxat.2-3 Credits.

This course considers major topics in the field of financial planning, including the role of various types of financial advisors, asset management and investments, retirement planning, insurance and income tax planning. Through various written projects, students will explore selected aspects of the financial planning process. Consideration will be given to the tax consequences of various planning techniques. (Prerequisite: Federal Income Taxation)

LAWS 632. Multidistrict Litigation: Mass Torts.2 Credits.

This course examines the availability of federal Multidistrict Litigation (MDL) to ensure the "just and efficient" handling of pretrial activities in mass tort litigation. Students will obtain a cradle-to-grave understanding of the life of a multidistrict litigation, including the creation of an MDL, its location, the selection of a judge to manage the MDL, the authority of the MDL judge, MDL activities, and the trial of individual cases before the MDL judge. The course will also concentrate on the plaintiffs' and defendants' often differing perspectives of the advantages and disadvantages of an MDL and the parties' tactics to further their respective interests, including plaintiffs' efforts to litigate their cases in state courts deemed "favorable" to plaintiffs, and defendants' efforts to undo plaintiffs' choice of forum. The course will discuss actual cases, articles, and a hypothetical set of facts, largely through the lens of a practitioner. (2 credits)

LAWS 633. Intellectual Property in Health Care.2 Credits.

Intellectual property rights are important for innovation in health care and public health, and are one factor in determining access to medicines and medical procedures. The course will focus on various types of intellectual property in these areas, including patents relating to pharmaceuticals, medicines, medical devices, and surgical procedures. Related topics to be discussed include patentable subject matter and trade secrets as they relate to healthcare IP, as well as ownership, licensing, and other transactions involving such intellectual property. Policy considerations including the importance and effectiveness of intellectual property regimes and other incentive and funding mechanisms that stimulate research and the creation of new medicines and other products that improve health will also be discussed.

LAWS 634. Int'l Human Rights Law & Trans. Justice.1-2 Credits.

International Human Rights Law & Transitional Justice This year-long course will explore the tension between justice and peace; and, in the transitional justice context, the tension between justice and mercy. Topics may include, among others: the concept of human rights, guaranteeing human rights by treaty, human rights & foreign policy, transitional justice, truth & reconciliation processes, and women, peace & security. The course culminates, for students who are able to attend, in making a presentation at the annual Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates, which meets annually to "engage in dialogue, discussion, and debate about current issues and challenges, promote significant international political and social campaigns, issue statements, conceive and create new initiatives, and hopefully send messages of inspiration and wisdom to the entire world." Since its inception in 1999, the Summit has convened in, among other cities, Rome, Hiroshima, Warsaw, Berlin, Paris, Barcelona, and, most recently, in Bogotá. The course will prepare the students for their presentation by providing an education in the legal texts and historical readings relevant to each year's Summit. (2 or 3 credits: 1 each in the fall and spring, plus 1 credit for attending the Summit, earned in the semester in which the Summit occurs.)

LAWS 635. Negotiable Instruments & Elec. Payments.2-4 Credits.

Negotiable Instruments and Electronic Payments (LAWS 635) Introduction to Article 3 (Negotiable Instruments), Article 4 (Bank Deposits and Collection), and Article 4A (Fund Transfers) of the Uniform Commercial Code. In addition, the course will address various federal statutes, such as the Check 21 Act and the Electronic Funds Transfer Act. (3 or 4 credits)

LAWS 636. Sentencing, Prisons, and Reentry.2 Credits.

This seminar will explore policies and procedures relating to the "back end" of the criminal justice system (i.e., what occurs after a determination of guilt). The course will cover topics relating to criminal sentencing, including sentencing guidelines, mandatory minimums, and constitutional challenges to sentences. We will consider laws and policies relating to incarceration, such as prison conditions, solitary confinement, access to health care for prisoners, and the Prison Rape Elimination Act. Finally, we will examine the "collateral consequences" of criminal convictions and the challenges individuals face reentering communities after incarceration. These questions are pressing given the size of our country's incarcerated population - with more than 2.2 million people incarcerated in America's prisons and jails, we have more prisoners per capita than any other country in the world. (2 credits)

LAWS 637. Payments in Documented Sales.1 Credit.

The portion of this course that focuses on documents of title will include warehouse receipts (and basic bailment law) and bills of lading, including their due negotiation and collection through banks. The portion that focuses on letters of credit will include definitions, issuers' rights and duties, fraud, assignment, and subrogation. The course on Commercial Law is a pre or co-requisite.

LAWS 638. Corporate Counsel.2 Credits.

LAWS 650. Cybersecurity.2 Credits.

As the Internet continues to expand throughout society and in our daily lives, cybersecurity, privacy, and anonymity legal issues are becoming increasingly important. Students in this course will study both U.S. and European data protection and privacy regimes, with an emphasis on U.S. law. Students will explore the legal frameworks of U.S. privacy laws as they apply to specific industries and types of information holders and users, analyzing relevant statutes, civil litigation, and FTC enforcement actions as well as as actual contract language (i.e., online privacy policies and data protection language). Students will engage with the most current cases and will work on practical legal issues relevant to corporate clients. The objective of this course is for students to develop a broad foundation and skill set in this rapidly evovling area of law.

LAWS 676. Anatomy for Lawyers.2 Credits.

An understanding of basic human anatomy is a key component of any legal action involving damage or injury to an individual. The purpose of this course is to provide a general overview of basic human anatomy. The intent of the class is to familiarize lawyers with basic human anatomy and some associated physiology. Plaintiff and defense attorneys who pursue personal injury and workers compensation cases focus mostly on joints and limb function, such as the ankle, hip and shoulder and their functional ability, and also on the spine (cervical and lumbar) and the overall functional ability. However, there are other areas of law such as medical malpractice, environmental/toxic tort, pharmaceutical/products, patent, mass tort, Criminal law and other areas of Healthcare law which all deal with basic or different aspects of anatomy and physiology. The areas of law in which a basic knowledge of human anatomy and physiology apply are substantial. The course will give a basic general understanding of human anatomy and physiology, and discuss common injuries and damage which will give attorneys a better understanding when reviewing medical records and evaluating cases and dealing with experts and expert testimony.

LAWS 699. Study @ Another Institution.1-17 Credits.

LAWS 700. Beijing Institute.12-16 Credits.

LAWS 777. Review.1 Credit.